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Sub-Saharan Africa Studies

Added December 30, 2013
Type: Book
Africa's Booming Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production: National Security Implications for the United States and China. Authored by David E. Brown.
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Two key long-term energy trends are shifting the strategic balance between the United States and China, the world’s superpower rivals in the 21st century: first, a domestic boom in U.S. shale oil and gas dramatically boosting America’s energy security; second, the frenetic and successful search for hydrocarbons in Africa making it an increasingly crucial element in China’s energy diversification strategy.
Added November 20, 2013
Type: Monograph
What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability. Authored by Dr. Dona J. Stewart.
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In 2012, Mali simultaneously faced a military coup, a Tuareg nationalist movement, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb control in the north, and a drought-fueled humanitarian emergency. Military intervention restored security; addressing the underlying factors of the crisis is key to achieving long-term stability.
Added November 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia. Authored by Dr. J. Peter Pham.
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After years as the world’s prime example of a failed state—one that gave rise to catastrophic humanitarian crises, a wave of maritime piracy, and Islamist militancy, including an al-Qaeda-linked insurgency that came close to toppling the internationally-recognized government—Somalia appears to be turning the corner. In this provocative monograph, Dr. Pham argues that there are indeed lessons to be learned from the insurgency and counterinsurgency in Somalia, but they are not the ones usually advanced by diplomats and soldiers.
Added November 12, 2013
Type: Monograph
Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia. Authored by Dr. Sean McFate.
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This monograph explains, step-by-step, how to demobilize militias and raise armies in conflict-affected states by someone who has done so successfully.
Added August 21, 2013
Type: Other
2013-14 Key Strategic Issues List. Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
For several years, the Strategic Studies Institute has annually published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The overall purpose of this document is to make students and other researchers aware of strategic topics that are of special interest to the U.S. Army. Part I of KSIL is entitled "Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis" (APSA) and is a list of high-priority topics submitted by Headquarters, Department of the Army. Part II is entitled "Command Sponsored Topics" and represents the high-priority command-specific topics submitted by MACOMs and ASCCs. This KSIL provides military and civilian researchers worldwide a listing of the Army's most critical national security issues.
Added August 19, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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The political economy problems of Nigeria, the root cause for ethnic, religious, political and economic strife, can be in part addressed indirectly through focused contributions by the U.S. military, especially if regionally aligned units are more thoroughly employed.
Added August 08, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
AFRICOM at 5 Years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command. Authored by David E. Brown.
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Created in 2007, the new U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) has matured greatly over the last 5 years, overcoming much of the initial resistance from African stakeholders and the U.S. interagency about a “militarization” of U.S. foreign policy in Africa. This Letort Paper describes the geostrategic, operational, and intellectual changes that explain why AFRICOM was created, debunks three negative myths about AFRICOM’s current operations, and raises five issues important to AFRICOM’s future, including the need to carry out a “right-sizing” exercise at AFRICOM during a time of severe budget constraints and a real risk for the United States of “strategic insolvency.”
Added July 12, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa. Authored by Keir Giles.
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Russia is intensifying its engagement with Southern Africa to meet both foreign policy and long-term economic objectives. This presents both potential opportunities and challenges for U.S. policy in the region - especially in those states where a preference for U.S. presence and influence is not axiomatic.
Added June 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
Nigerian Unity: In the Balance. Authored by Gerald McLoughlin, Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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The existence of Nigeria as a unified state is in jeopardy. To counter this, the United States should better support Nigeria through some practical steps and thereby significantly advance both countries’ interests.
Added April 01, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
From Chaos to Cohesion: A Regional Approach to Security, Stability, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Authored by Diane E. Chido.
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African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are increasingly proving their ability and willingness to unite to halt and prevent conflict and to further regional economic and political objectives. USAFRICOM is uniquely positioned to strengthen REC capacity as a first step in a longer-term Pan-African integration process for enhanced continental stability and security.