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All Publications By Date

66 Publications Found in 2013

Added December 30, 2013
Type: Article
New Realities: Energy Security in the 2010s and Implications for the U.S. Military
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker, LTC John D. Colwell, Jr..
Added December 30, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Will the Syrian Civil War Last 10 More Years?
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added December 30, 2013
Type: Book
Africa's Booming Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production: National Security Implications for the United States and China
Authored by David E. Brown.
View the Executive Summary

Two key long-term energy trends are shifting the strategic balance between the United States and China, the world’s superpower rivals in the 21st century: first, a domestic boom in U.S. shale oil and gas dramatically boosting America’s energy security; second, the frenetic and successful search for hydrocarbons in Africa making it an increasingly crucial element in China’s energy diversification strategy.
Added December 27, 2013
Type: Monograph
Dangerous Ground: The Spratly Islands and U.S. Interests and Approaches
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
View the Executive Summary

The Spratly Islands disputes are the nexus of interests and clashes for U.S. partners and competitors that will draw in the United States as it involves itself more in Asia-Pacific issues. This analysis may help readers to better understand these disputes and how the United States may better address them.
Added December 10, 2013
Type: Monograph
Politics and Economics in Putin's Russia
Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
View the Executive Summary

Is this the beginning of the end for Putin's system? The authors investigate the structural bases for Russia's domestic challenges, if not crisis.
Added December 03, 2013
Type: Monograph
U.S. Governmental Information Operations and Strategic Communications: A Discredited Tool or User Failure? Implications for Future Conflict
Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham.
View the Executive Summary

Are U.S. information operations and strategic communications fit for purpose? This issue is debated herein, and the author concludes that, if the United States is to compete with emerging powers such as China and Russia, it needs to significantly modernize and update information operations and strategic communications. But, despite what critics and even Congress may say, these important programs must not be cut.
Added November 26, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: What Our Civilian Leaders Do Not Understand About the Ethic of Military Professions: A Striking Example of the Current Gap in Civil-Military Relations
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
Added November 20, 2013
Type: Monograph
What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability
Authored by Dr. Dona J. Stewart.
View the Executive Summary

In 2012, Mali simultaneously faced a military coup, a Tuareg nationalist movement, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb control in the north, and a drought-fueled humanitarian emergency. Military intervention restored security; addressing the underlying factors of the crisis is key to achieving long-term stability.
Added November 15, 2013
Type: Article
Washington’s Debt, Beijing’s Bubble, and the Discussion No One is Having
Authored by Ian Button.
Added November 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia
Authored by Dr. J. Peter Pham.
View the Executive Summary

After years as the world’s prime example of a failed state—one that gave rise to catastrophic humanitarian crises, a wave of maritime piracy, and Islamist militancy, including an al-Qaeda-linked insurgency that came close to toppling the internationally-recognized government—Somalia appears to be turning the corner. In this provocative monograph, Dr. Pham argues that there are indeed lessons to be learned from the insurgency and counterinsurgency in Somalia, but they are not the ones usually advanced by diplomats and soldiers.
Added November 12, 2013
Type: Monograph
Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia
Authored by Dr. Sean McFate.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph explains, step-by-step, how to demobilize militias and raise armies in conflict-affected states by someone who has done so successfully.
Added November 06, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Reforming the Police in Post-Soviet States: Georgia and Kyrgyzstan
Authored by Dr. Erica Marat.
View the Executive Summary

Both Georgia and Kyrgyzstan offer important guidelines for conducting successful police reform in a former Soviet state, advice that could be helpful to the Middle Eastern states currently undergoing rapid political transformation.
Added November 03, 2013
Type: Monograph
Central Asia After 2014
Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
View the Executive Summary

The papers collected here offer assessments of Sino-Russian rivalry, the U.S.-Russian rivalry, and a neglected but critical topic, Chinese military capability for action in Central Asia. All of these issues are essential for any informed analysis of the future of Central Asian security, as well as relations among the great powers in Central Asia.
Added October 28, 2013
Type: Monograph
Changing Minds In The Army: Why It Is So Difficult and What To Do About It
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Gerras, Dr. Leonard Wong.
View the Executive Summary

In a time of extraordinary fiscal and national security uncertainty, it seems naïve to assume that all, or even most, of a strategic leader’s current assumptions will be just as relevant several years into the future. This monograph highlights the need for Army senior leaders, in the midst of change, to periodically question their deep-seated beliefs on critical issues—and perhaps change their minds—rather than relying solely on what they have long believed to be true.
Added October 22, 2013
Type: Book
Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future. Selected Presentations from a Symposium at the National Defense University
Edited by Dr. Sheila R. Ronis.
View the Executive Summary

Issues associated with U.S. grand strategy were discussed on November 8-9, 2011, at the National Defense University symposium, "Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future." This volume includes several presentations from the event.
Added October 18, 2013
Type: Monograph
NATO Missile Defense and the European Phased Adaptive Approach: The Implications of Burden-Sharing and the Underappreciated Role of the U.S. Army
Authored by Mr. Steven J. Whitmore, Dr. John R. Deni.
View the Executive Summary

NATO's ballistic missile defense initiative remains a work in progress, but a lack of interceptor and sensor contributions on the part of the European allies is likely to have significant implications for the U.S. Army. In particular, the U.S. Army is likely to face increased manpower demands, materiel requirements, and training needs in order to meet the demand signal created by the NATO ballistic missile defense program.
Added October 16, 2013
Type: Book
Conflict Management and Peacebuilding: Pillars of a New American Grand Strategy
Edited by Dr. Volker C. Franke, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
View the Executive Summary

The authors examine the utility of the U.S. Government’s whole-of-government (WoG) approach for responding to the challenging security demands of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. They specifically discuss the strategic objectives of interagency cooperation particularly in the areas of peacebuilding and conflict management.
Added October 03, 2013
Type: Article
Strategic Landpower Task Force Research Report
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Added October 03, 2013
Type: Article
The Army Should Embrace A2/AD — A Rebuttal
Authored by COL Vincent Alcazar.
Added October 03, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Doubts on China's "New Model for Great Power Relationship"
Authored by Dr. David Lai.
Added September 30, 2013
Type: Monograph
A Transatlantic Bargain for the 21st Century: The United States, Europe, and the Transatlantic Alliance
Authored by Dr. Ellen Hallams.
View the Executive Summary

In the 21st century, the transatlantic bargain that has framed the relationship between the United States and its NATO allies is under more scrutiny than ever before. The bargain was a Cold War construct suited to its time; what is required now is a transatlantic bargain that generates a new culture of transatlantic partnership between the United States, NATO, and the European Union.
Added September 26, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Effectiveness of Drone Strikes in Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism Campaigns
Authored by Dr. James Igoe Walsh.
View the Executive Summary

Drones have become an important part of the U.S. counterinsurgency and counterterrorism arsenal. But the available evidence shows that they are not always effective, and their use can have unpredictable consequences.
Added September 24, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Real "Long War": The Illicit Drug Trade and the Role of the Military
Authored by Professor Geoffrey Till.
View the Executive Summary

With a shift in focus and priority from likely involvement in large-scale counterinsurgency operations, the limited likelihood of continental traditional warfighting operations, together with the onset of an era of budgetary austerity, the U.S. Army may need to give greater attention to its role in responding to the many nontraditional threats to the peace and security of the United States. Of these, the illicit trade in drugs ranks highly because of its massive effects on human, national, and international security.
Added September 23, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
An Assessment of the DoD Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace
Authored by Dr. Thomas M. Chen.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph critically examines the Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which was published in July 2011. What are the messages conveyed, and is the Strategy adequate to maintain U.S. superiority in the face of existing and future cyber threats?
Added September 19, 2013
Type: Monograph
Closing the Candor Chasm: The Missing Element of Army Professionalism
Authored by Colonel Paul Paolozzi.
View the Executive Summary

If transparency and forthright communication are valued within the Army, why is candor nearly absent in doctrine and supporting literature? Stewards of the Profession build trust through authentic communication—educated, trained, and modeled in application. Candor cannot be muted, creating a chasm between what is espoused and communicated.
Added September 13, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Is Strategy Really A Lost Art?
Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
Added August 27, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Security Concerns of the Baltic States as NATO Allies
Authored by Dr. James S. Corum.
View the Executive Summary

America’s small NATO allies have unique views concerning international threats. This monograph explores the security environment of the three Baltic States and how the Baltic policymakers see the future of their relationship with NATO and the United States in an uncertain world.
Added August 21, 2013
Type: Other
2013-14 Key Strategic Issues List
Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
For several years, the Strategic Studies Institute has annually published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The overall purpose of this document is to make students and other researchers aware of strategic topics that are of special interest to the U.S. Army. Part I of KSIL is entitled "Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis" (APSA) and is a list of high-priority topics submitted by Headquarters, Department of the Army. Part II is entitled "Command Sponsored Topics" and represents the high-priority command-specific topics submitted by MACOMs and ASCCs. This KSIL provides military and civilian researchers worldwide a listing of the Army's most critical national security issues.
Added August 19, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
View the Executive Summary

The political economy problems of Nigeria, the root cause for ethnic, religious, political and economic strife, can be in part addressed indirectly through focused contributions by the U.S. military, especially if regionally aligned units are more thoroughly employed.
Added August 16, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Cartel Car Bombings in Mexico
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Mr. John P. Sullivan.
View the Executive Summary

The authors provide an analysis of cartel car bombing incidents in Mexico, with about 20 incidents identified over the last 2 1/2 years. Use patterns are discussed, along with future car bombing potentials in Mexico and the United States.
Added August 13, 2013
Type: Monograph
Development of the Baltic Armed Forces in Light of Multinational Deployments
Authored by Dr. James S. Corum.
View the Executive Summary

Small NATO allies have become important players in multinational operations. This monograph helps U.S. policymakers and military leaders understand the problems that small allies face when they participate in U.S.-led operations.
Added August 08, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
AFRICOM at 5 Years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command
Authored by David E. Brown.
View the Executive Summary

Created in 2007, the new U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) has matured greatly over the last 5 years, overcoming much of the initial resistance from African stakeholders and the U.S. interagency about a “militarization” of U.S. foreign policy in Africa. This Letort Paper describes the geostrategic, operational, and intellectual changes that explain why AFRICOM was created, debunks three negative myths about AFRICOM’s current operations, and raises five issues important to AFRICOM’s future, including the need to carry out a “right-sizing” exercise at AFRICOM during a time of severe budget constraints and a real risk for the United States of “strategic insolvency.”
Added August 01, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Reflections on "The China Threat"
Authored by Neil J. Diamant.
Added July 30, 2013
Type: Book
Nuclear Weapons Security Crises: What Does History Teach?
Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Dr. Bruno Tertrais.
View the Executive Summary

What do China’s Cultural Revolution, a coup in French Algeria, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the changing nature of the Pakistani government have in common? All represent situations when the respective governments came close to losing control of their nuclear arsenals during political crises. This volume reveals previously unknown details about the four cases and offers additional analysis and lessons learned by leading scholars.
Added July 24, 2013
Type: Monograph
A Framework for Restructuring the Military Retirement System
Authored by Roy A. Wallace, Lieutenant Colonel David S. Lyle, Dr. John Z. Smith.
View the Executive Summary

The current military retirement system has been integral to sustaining the All Volunteer Force. Current federal budget challenges have raised concern that this program may become fiscally unsustainable.
Added July 16, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: The Army Should Embrace A2/AD
Authored by Dr. Alex Crowther.
Added July 12, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa
Authored by Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

Russia is intensifying its engagement with Southern Africa to meet both foreign policy and long-term economic objectives. This presents both potential opportunities and challenges for U.S. policy in the region - especially in those states where a preference for U.S. presence and influence is not axiomatic.
Added July 11, 2013
Type: Article
The Army's Campaign Against Sexual Violence: Dealing With The Careerist Bystanders
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
Added June 28, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Libya: Reviewing Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR
Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
View the Executive Summary

NATO's Libya Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR is considered a military success. As this monograph shows, multiple strategic lessons can be learned from it.
Added June 24, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Joint Strategic Planning System Insights: Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff 1990 to 2012
Authored by Dr. Richard M. Meinhart.
View the Executive Summary

Examining strategic planning by seven Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff over the past 2 decades provides insights on how these leaders addressed global challenges and made decisions. As such, this Paper provides an historic perspective in identifying key strategic planning legacies, while providing a contemporary focus for describing the current planning system's processes and products with greater fidelity.
Added June 21, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Struggle for Yemen and the Challenge of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
View the Executive Summary

How does al-Qaeda's regional and international terrorist acts compare with those of the al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), particularly in Yemen? Although Yemen's new reform government defeated AQAP and recaptured areas lost to AQAP in 2012, the terrorists remain an extremely dangerous force seeking to reassert themselves at this time of transition in Yemen.
Added June 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
Nigerian Unity: In the Balance
Authored by Gerald McLoughlin, Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
View the Executive Summary

The existence of Nigeria as a unified state is in jeopardy. To counter this, the United States should better support Nigeria through some practical steps and thereby significantly advance both countries’ interests.
Added June 13, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Abraham Lincoln and the Obligations Of International Law
Authored by Matthew Pinsker.
Added June 10, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Future of the Arab Gulf Monarchies in the Age of Uncertainties
Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph assesses the challenges facing the Arab Gulf’s rulers, and proposes meaningful political reform as a means of mitigating these challenges.
Added June 04, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Avoiding the Slippery Slope: Conducting Effective Interventions
Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
View the Executive Summary

Operation ODYSSEY DAWN was the most recent in a long list of foreign interventions by the U.S. military. Difficult as such operations may be, the need for them remains a constant in international security. The author considers how to mount such interventions effectively without getting bogged down in protracted occupations that are costly in blood in and treasure.
Added May 31, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Return of the Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement
Authored by Mr. Janusz Bugajski.
View the Executive Summary

For the first time in modern history, the entire Balkan Peninsula has the opportunity to be included under one security and developmental umbrella combining NATO and the European Union. Unfortunately, this historic vision is being undermined by a plethora of political, social, economic, ethnic, and national disputes and the shortcomings of Western institutions in eliminating potential security challenges.
Added May 28, 2013
Type: Monograph
Asia-Pacific: A Strategic Assessment
Authored by Dr. David Lai.
View the Executive Summary

The U.S.-China power transition has become a defining factor in the Asia-Pacific, conditioning the calculation of policy among the Asia-Pacific nations. A rising China brings mixed blessings—opportunities for development, but risks for conflict.
Added May 23, 2013
Type: Article
Academic Engagement Notes: 2013 International Studies Association (ISA) Annual Convention
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Dr. John R. Deni.
Added May 17, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Challenge of Drug Trafficking to Democratic Governance and Human Security in West Africa
Authored by David E. Brown.
View the Executive Summary

International criminal networks—some with links to terrorism—represent an existential threat to democratic governance of already fragile states in West Africa, and are using drugs to buy political power, fray West Africa’s traditional social fabric, and create a public health crisis. Drug trafficking represents the most serious challenge to human security in the region since resource conflicts rocked several West African countries in the early 1990s; international aid to the subregion’s “war on drugs” is only in an initial stage, and progress will be have to be measured in decades, not years.
Added May 13, 2013
Type: Monograph
War and Insurgency in the Western Sahara
Authored by Staff Researcher.
View the Executive Summary

Home to the largest functional military barrier in the world, the Western Sahara has a long history of colonial conquest and resistance, guerrilla warfare and counterinsurgency, and evolving strategic thought. This monograph explores the past, present, and future of the region, including its relationship to developments in Morocco, Algeria, and elsewhere in North Africa.
Added May 08, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Downsizing the Army Profession
Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong.
Added May 03, 2013
Type: Monograph
Cyber Infrastructure Protection: Vol. II
Edited by Dr. Tarek N. Saadawi, COL Louis H. Jordan, Jr, Dr. Vincent Boudreau.
View the Executive Summary

This book is a follow-on to our earlier book published in 2011 and represents a detailed look at various aspects of cyber security. The chapters herein provide an integrated framework and a comprehensive view of the various forms of cyber infrastructure protection.
Added April 26, 2013
Type: Monograph
Sharing Power? Prospects for a U.S. Concert-Balance Strategy
Authored by Dr. Patrick Porter.
View the Executive Summary

Sharing Power examines alternative U.S. grand strategies. It argues that, while retrenchment is prudent, new strategies will also have to cope with dilemmas that can be mitigated but cannot be avoided.
Added April 11, 2013
Type: Monograph
Egypt's New Regime and the Future of the U.S.-Egyptian Strategic Relationship
Authored by Gregory Aftandilian.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph, completed in August 2012, analyzes the developments in Egypt from January 2011 to August 2012 and addresses the following questions that are pertinent to U.S. policymakers: How does the United States maintain good relations and preserve its strategic partnership with Egypt under Cairo’s new political leadership and the changing political environment in the country? How does it do so while adhering to American values such as supporting democracy even when those coming to power do not share U.S. strategic goals?
Added April 08, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Developing A New Approach To Conventional Arms Control
Authored by Dr. Jeffrey D. McCausland.
Added April 04, 2013
Type: Monograph
Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling
Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
View the Executive Summary

Cyber is now recognized as an operational domain, but the theory that should explain it strategically is very largely missing. As the military establishment accepted the revolution in military affairs as the big organizing idea of the 1990s, then moved on to transformation in the early-2000s, so the third really big idea of the post-Cold War Era began to secure traction—cyber. However, it is one thing to know how to digitize; it is quite another to understand what digitization means strategically. With respect to cyber power, Dr. Colin Gray poses and seeks to answer the most basic of the strategist’s questions, “So what?”
Added April 01, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
From Chaos to Cohesion: A Regional Approach to Security, Stability, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Authored by Diane E. Chido.
View the Executive Summary

African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are increasingly proving their ability and willingness to unite to halt and prevent conflict and to further regional economic and political objectives. USAFRICOM is uniquely positioned to strengthen REC capacity as a first step in a longer-term Pan-African integration process for enhanced continental stability and security.
Added March 20, 2013
Type: Monograph
Governance, Identity, and Counterinsurgency: Evidence from Ramadi and Tal Afar
Authored by Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons.
View the Executive Summary

Western thinking on counterinsurgency seems to be that success in countering insurgencies depends on a perception of legitimacy among local populations. However, it may be more correct to consider the identity of who governs, rather than on how whoever governs governs.
Added March 13, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Drones Are Making A Difference In Yemen
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added March 04, 2013
Type: Article
Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition Conference
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
Added March 04, 2013
Type: Article
Colloquium Brief: Kingston Conference on International Security (KCIS-2012): International Security in an Age of Austerity
Authored by Dru Lauzon.
Added February 11, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: Thinking Inside A New Box: The Coming of the New Age of Mutualism; The End of Another
Authored by COL Louis H. Jordan, Jr.
Added February 05, 2013
Type: Book
Strategic Stability: Contending Interpretations
Edited by Elbridge A. Colby, Michael S. Gerson.
This edited volume offers the most current authoritative contemporary survey of the concept of strategic stability, a central plank in U.S. policy on nuclear weapons and great power relations.
Added January 31, 2013
Type: Article
Routine, Disciplined, and Results-Oriented: Joint Plans and Operations (JPOx) and Decisionmaking Processes in U.S. Forces-Iraq (USF-I)
Authored by Colonel Matthew Q. Dawson.
Added January 31, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Talking Past Each Other? How Views of U.S. Power Vary between U.S. and International Military Personnel
Authored by Colonel Richard H. M. Outzen.
View the Executive Summary

The gap between the U.S. military’s self-image and its image in the eyes of an international military audience is examined. When considering U.S. power, do response patterns indicate great difference between how U.S. military officers view themselves and how they are viewed by their international peers? If so, is there anything that the United States can do about it, or does a fundamental and pathological anti-Americanism predetermine outcomes?
Added January 10, 2013
Type: Article
Op-Ed: The Need For A "Half-Pivot to the Americas"
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.

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