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Publications Tagged: Iraq

On the Uses of Cultural Knowledge... Cover Image
Added November 13, 2007
On the Uses of Cultural Knowledge. Authored by Dr. Sheila Miyoshi Jager.
Culture has become something of a buzz word among America’s national security leaders. Faced with an brutal civil war and insurgency in Iraq , the many complex political and social issues confronted by U.S. military commanders on the ground have given rise to a new awareness that a cultural understanding of an adversary society is imperative if counterinsurgency is to succeed.
Kuwaiti National Security and the U.S.-Kuwaiti Str... Cover Image
Added September 14, 2007
Kuwaiti National Security and the U.S.-Kuwaiti Strategic Relationship after Saddam. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The author examines the national security concerns that Kuwait must address in the turbulent post-Saddam era. Challenges involving Iraq, Iran, and terrorism are severe and will require both Kuwaitis and Americans to rethink and revise previous security approaches to meet important shared goals.
The Iraq War: Learning from the Past, Adapting to ... Cover Image
Added February 23, 2007
The Iraq War: Learning from the Past, Adapting to the Present, and Planning for the Future. Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
The Iraq War has been the subject of heated political debate and intense academic scrutiny. Much argument has focused on the decision to invade and the size of the force tasked with the campaign.
Learning from Iraq: Counterinsurgency in American ... Cover Image
Added December 22, 2006
Learning from Iraq: Counterinsurgency in American Strategy. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
In Iraq the U.S. Army has undertaken counterinsurgency, a type of activity it thought it had left behind with the end of the Cold War. In the long war against terror, counterinsurgency will remain a central element of American national security policy so it is important to assess the strategic implications of the Iraq campaign.
Iran, Iraq, and the United States: The New Triangl... Cover Image
Added November 28, 2006
Iran, Iraq, and the United States: The New Triangle's Impact on Sectarianism and the Nuclear Threat. Authored by Dr. Sherifa D. Zuhur.
This monograph considers the issues of Iranian influence in Iraq, and its impact on continuing sectarian violence there. The situation has been further complicated by the post-2003 change in the Iraqi Shi'a community’s status, Iran’s development of a nuclear program, and international efforts to contain that program.
U.S. Military Operations in Iraq: Planning, Combat... Cover Image
Added April 26, 2006
U.S. Military Operations in Iraq: Planning, Combat and Occupation. Authored by Shane Lauth, Kate Phillips, Erin Schenck. Edited by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Three years beyond the start of the transition to Phase IV, the debate continues about the adequacy of planning for and proficiency of execution of these operations in Iraq and elsewhere.
Revisions in Need of Revising: What Went Wrong in ... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2005
Revisions in Need of Revising: What Went Wrong in the Iraq War. Authored by Dr. David C Hendrickson, Dr. Robert W Tucker.
The authors examine the contentious debate over the Iraq war and occupation, focusing on the critique that the Bush administration squandered an historic opportunity to reconstruct the Iraqi state. They argue that the most serious problems facing Iraq and its American occupiers—criminal anarchy and lawlessness, a raging insurgency and a society divided into rival and antagonistic groups—were virtually inevitable consequences that flowed from the act of war itself.
Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran... Cover Image
Added November 01, 2005
Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran. Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Mr. Patrick Clawson.
This book examines what additional security threats Iran might pose as it becomes increasingly capable of making nuclear weapons, what steps the United States and its friends might take to deter and contain it, and what should be done to assure Iran's neighbors do not follow in Tehran's nuclear footsteps.
Fourth-Generation War and Other Myths... Cover Image
Added November 01, 2005
Fourth-Generation War and Other Myths. Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
Dr Antulio J. Echevarria II critiques the theory of fourth-generation warfare, examining its problematic assumptions and logical flaws. He argues that this theory is hopelessly flawed and that its proponents undermine their credibility by subscribing to it.
Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2005
Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U.S. Military Disengagement Strategy from Iraq. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill, Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
The questions of how to empower the Iraqis most effectively and then progressively withdraw non-Iraqi forces from that country is one of the most important policy problems currently facing the United States. The authors seek to present the U.S. situation in Iraq in all of its complexity and ambiguity, with policy recommendations for how that withdrawal strategy might be most effectively implemented.
Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: Unite... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2005
Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine. Authored by Professor Matthew Uttley.
The author examines the controversies surrounding deployed contractor support, the ways that the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD) has harnessed private sector capacity, and the lessons this provides for U.S. policymakers and military planners. He suggests the need for ongoing policy and doctrine refinement by defence officials as well as greater independent scrutiny of developments, not least because the use of contractors on deployed operations has an important impact on government expenditure choices, public accountability, the efficiency and effectiveness of the military establishment, and the conduct and outcome of armed conflict.
Tribal Alliances: Ways, Means, and ends to Success... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2005
Tribal Alliances: Ways, Means, and ends to Successful Strategy. Authored by Richard L Taylor.
National Security and National Military Strategy to be successful must utilize all elements and tools of power at its disposal. Recognition of the potential value of tribal organizations, particularly in the "arc of instability stretching from the Western Hemisphere, through Africa and the Middle East and extending to Asia" is a must to enhance successful peace and stability operations.
Terrorist Beheadings: Cultural and Strategic Impli... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2005
Terrorist Beheadings: Cultural and Strategic Implications. Authored by Mr. Ronald H. Jones.
The author concludes that understanding the cultural and symbolic significance of terrorist beheadings is key to defeating them. He recommends political rituals such as elections, war crimes tribunals, and shura councils as countermeasures to affirm the legitimacy and authority of the new Iraqi government.
American Grand Strategy After 9/11: An Assessment... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2005
American Grand Strategy After 9/11: An Assessment. Authored by Dr. Stephen D. Biddle.
Three years after 9-11, some of the most important choices for American grand strategy have yet to be made. Heretofore, the costs of pursuing ambitious but ill-defined goals have been high but tolerable; the Iraqi insurgency, however, is raising the costs to the point where choices must be made. The two natural alternatives, rollback and containment, each have strengths. But they also have real drawbacks--and the choice between them rests on some basic, and inherently subjective, value judgments.
Strategic Implications of Intercommunal Warfare in... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2005
Strategic Implications of Intercommunal Warfare in Iraq. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
This study considers the regional consequences of intercommunal warfare in Iraq by examining how such an eventuality may develop and how neighboring states might become involved in such a conflict. This work does not predict an Iraqi civil war but rather views it as a worst-case eventuality. The danger of an Iraqi civil war requires serious U.S. cooperation with those regional states that also have a stake in preventing this outcome.
Developing Adaptive Leaders: The Crucible Experien... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2004
Developing Adaptive Leaders: The Crucible Experience of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong.
Within the complex environment of postwar Iraq, junior officers are being developed into creative, innovative, and independent leaders. This unique leader development opportunity is a result of the ambiguous, complex, and unpredictable environment of postwar Iraq.
Iraq and Vietnam: Differences, Similarities, and I... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2004
Iraq and Vietnam: Differences, Similarities, and Insights. Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record, Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The authors conclude that the two conflicts bear little comparison. They also conclude, however, that failed U.S. state-building in Vietnam and the impact of declining domestic political support for U.S. war aims in Vietnam are issues pertinent to current U.S. policy in Iraq.
Strategic Consequences of the Iraq War: U.S. Secur... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2004
Strategic Consequences of the Iraq War: U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia Reassessed. Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick.
The U.S.-led war in Iraq complicates security cooperation between the United States and Central Asia at a time when other regional powers—especially Russia, China, and India—are competing for influence in the region more overtly. The author argues that the United States should do more to address the underlying human security problems in Central Asia, which increase its vulnerability to terrorist movements.
Toward an American Way of War... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2004
Toward an American Way of War. Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
This monograph addresses trends in American strategic thinking to the war in Iraq. It argues that the American way of war is really a way of battle and offers some recommendations for change.
Bounding the Global War on Terrorism... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2003
Bounding the Global War on Terrorism. Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record.
The author examines three features of the war on terrorism as currently defined and conducted: (1) the administration's postulation of the terrorist threat, (2) the scope and feasibility of U.S. war aims, and (3) the war's political, fiscal, and military sustainability. He believes that the war on terrorism--as opposed to the campaign against al-Qaeda--lacks strategic clarity, embraces unrealistic objectives, and may not be sustainable over the long haul.
Why They Fight: Combat Motivation in the Iraq War... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2003
Why They Fight: Combat Motivation in the Iraq War. Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong, COL Thomas A. Kolditz, LTC Raymond A. Millen, COL Terrence M. Potter.
Today's U.S. soldiers, much like soldiers of the past, fight for each other. Researchers also found that soldiers cited ideological reasons such as liberation, freedom, and democracy as important factors in combat motivation.
Nationalism, Sectarianism, and the Future of the U... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2003
Nationalism, Sectarianism, and the Future of the U.S. Presence in Post-Saddam Iraq. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The author addresses the critical questions involved in understanding the background of Iraqi national identity and the ways in which it may evolve in the future to either the favor or detriment of the United States. He pays particular attention to the issue of Iraqi sectarianism and the emerging role of the Shi'ite Muslims, noting the power of an emerging but fractionalized clergy.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: The Middl... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: The Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
War with Iraq signals the beginning of a new era in American national security policy and alters strategic balances and relationships around the world. The specific effects of the war, though, will vary from region to region. A U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq will place popular pressure on a number of moderate Arab states to reduce high profile military cooperation with the United States. Following a war, Saudi Arabia will probably seek to reduce substantially or eliminate the U.S. military presence in the kingdom due to a more limited regional threat and the domestic difficulties with a U.S. presence.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: South Asi... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: South Asia. Authored by Dr. Amit Gupta.
The author has been asked to analyze four issues: the position that key states in their region are taking on U.S. military action against Iraq; the role of America in the region after the war with Iraq; the nature of security partnerships in the region after the war with Iraq; and the effect that war with Iraq will have on the war on terrorism in the region.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Southeast... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Southeast Asia. Authored by Dr. Anthony L. Smith.
The author has been asked to analyze four issues: the position that key states in their region are taking on U.S. military action against Iraq; the role of America in the region after the war with Iraq; the nature of security partnerships in the region after the war with Iraq; and the effect that war with Iraq will have on the war on terrorism in the region.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Australia... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Australia and New Zealand. Authored by Dr. Andrew Scobell.
The author has been asked to analyze four issues: the position that key states in their region are taking on U.S. military action against Iraq; the role of America in the region after the war with Iraq; the nature of security partnerships in the region after the war with Iraq; and the effect that war with Iraq will have on the war on terrorism in the region.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Europe... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Europe. Authored by LTC Raymond A. Millen.
The vast majority of European states will contribute to the peacekeeping mission in Iraq if asked bilaterally. Given its proximity, the European Union can provide substantial economic and diplomatic resources for stabilizing the region. The European Union will seize upon the opportunities of greater regional democratization to practice diplomacy and crisis resolution.
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Latin Ame... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Latin America. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
The author has been asked to analyze four issues: the position that key states in their region are taking on U.S. military action against Iraq; the role of America in the region after the war with Iraq; the nature of security partnerships in the region after the war with Iraq; and the effect that war with Iraq will have on the war on terrorism in the region.
Reconstructing Iraq: Insights, Challenges, and Mis... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2003
Reconstructing Iraq: Insights, Challenges, and Missions for Military Forces in a Post-Conflict Scenario. Authored by Dr. Conrad C. Crane, Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
In October 2002, the U.S. Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute, in coordination with the Office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff/G-3, initiated a study to analyze how American and coalition forces can best address the requirements that will necessarily follow operational victory in a war with Iraq. The objectives of the project were to determine and analyze probable missions.
Reconstructing Iraq: Challenges and Missions for M... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2003
Reconstructing Iraq: Challenges and Missions for Military Forces in a Post-Conflict Scenario. Authored by Dr. Conrad C. Crane, Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
With the winds of war swirling around Iraq, it is time to plan for its post-conflict reconstruction. To assist such planning, this study proposes a construct for identifying the postwar missions to be accomplished following a victory over the Hussein regime and suggests the time phasing for the accomplishment of specific tasks.
Growing U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2002
Growing U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia. Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick.
The author notes that strengthening the Central Asian states against terrorism and assisting their transition to stable and prosperous nations are difficult and fraught with danger. If not astutely managed, this strategy could have the opposite of the intended results and generate increased instability, spark anti-Americanism, and antagonize Russia and China. To avoid this, Dr. Wishnick advocates a multilateral strategy that integrates the military, political, and economic elements of national power and prods the Central Asian regimes toward reform.
U.S. Military Presence in the Persian Gulf: Challe... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2002
U.S. Military Presence in the Persian Gulf: Challenges and Prospects. Authored by Dr. Sami G. Hajjar.
The author considers the critical questions of U.S. military presence in the Gulf, the challenges it faces, and the prospects that lay ahead. He relies, in his presentation and analysis, on a variety of regional sources including newspaper reports and personal interviews conducted in the United States and the Gulf region, as well as government and academic sources.
The Intervention Debate: Towards a Posture of Prin... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2002
The Intervention Debate: Towards a Posture of Principled Judgment. Authored by Dr. John Garofano.
The 1990s showed the extremes of deciding when and how to use force, one of the central elements of strategy. Debate has raged over whether force is appropriate only in defense of the homeland and vital national interests or whether it should also be used to promote more expansive objectives. He concludes with a discussion of Army roles and requirements for future contingencies.
Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking Americ... Cover Image
Added November 01, 1999
Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking America's Policy in the Gulf. Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
In an attempt to regain some control of the strategic commodity, Washington developed special relationships with the two foremost oil procedures, Iran (under the Shah) and Saudi Arabia. Dual Containment, promulgated in 1993, was supposed to constrain the two most powerful area states, Iran and Iraq, by imposing harsh economic sanctions on them. But, the author contends, the policy has only antagonized America's allies.
Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying... Cover Image
Added May 01, 1999
Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying Wolf or Crying Havoc? Authored by Anthony H. Cordesman.
There is no doubt that the Middle East can present significant potential threats to the West. The author of this monograph examines these threats in order to put them into perspective--to distinguish between "crying wolf" and "crying havoc." After thorough analysis, he contends that the problems caused by narcotics and organized crime, immigration, terrorism, and weapons of mass destruction do not as yet require draconian action by the Western nations.
Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weap... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1998
Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East. Authored by Dr. Sami G. Hajjar.
This monograph addresses the important question of the security implications for the nations of the region of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. The author offers a unique perspective based on extensive interviews that he conducted in the region, and makes specific policy recommendations for U.S. military and civilian decisionmakers.
Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1998
Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf. Authored by Dr. Kenneth Katzman. Edited by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue.
Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do Abou... Cover Image
Added November 01, 1996
Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do About Saddam? Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Iraq's September 1996 actions in the Kurdish north found such a seam in coalition objectives, or, to return to the original metaphor, shook one anchor of the U.S. policy tightrope. Dr. Stephen Pelletiere examines how the Kurdish crisis developed, why--most disturbingly--the key coalition members divided in response to U.S. actions, and what factors might guide future U.S. policy. He concludes that U.S. policy needs reanchoring if we are to achieve our paramount interests in this vital region.
Total Force: Federal Reserves and State National G... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1994
Total Force: Federal Reserves and State National Guards. Authored by COL Charles E. Heller.
Never before in peacetime has the United States placed so much emphasis and reliance on the Armed Forces' Reserve Components. Yet, even with the renewed emphasis on the Reserve Components' roles, their legal basis mission, mobilization training, force structure, and relationship to their respective Active Component remain relatively little understood.
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological S... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological Spectrum. Authored by Dr. Bruce Hoffman.
In April 1994, the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute held its annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme was "The Revolution in Military Affairs: Defining an Army for the 21st Century." Dr. Bruce Hoffman presented this paper as part of a panel examining "New Technologies and New Threats." Terrorism, of course, is not new. Hoffman warns, however, of the changing nature of terrorism. In the past, terrorists have been motivated by limited political and ideological objectives.
Nuclear Threats from Small States... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1994
Nuclear Threats from Small States. Authored by Mr. Jerome H. Kahan.
Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000 and finds the danger great enough for the United States to take seriously.
Turkey's Strategic Position at the Crossroads of W... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1993
Turkey's Strategic Position at the Crossroads of World Affairs. Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
This report analyzes the implications of Turkey's policies and the reactions of Turkey's neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former Soviet republics. The final chapter summarizes their conclusions with respect to the three regions and provides policy options for continuing U.S.-Turkish relations that are so important in the search for peace and stability in these regions.