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LAWRENCE E. CLINE is a regular instructor with the Center for Civil-Military Relations, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California. He provides programs for foreign military and government officials in developing national counterterrorism strategies and in intelligence reform. He also is a professor of intelligence studies at American Military University and adjunct professor at Troy University and Norwich University. Dr. Cline is a retired U.S. Army Military Intelligence officer, and was trained as a Middle Eastern Foreign Area officer. He served as a United Nations (UN) Military Observer in Egypt and in Lebanon during the civil war; a staff officer with 7th Special Forces Group; advisor in El Salvador during its civil war; senior intelligence analyst with Central Command during Operation DESERT STORM; and as intelligence production chief for United Task Force (UNITAF) in Somalia. His final assignment was as Chief, Middle East Intelligence Branch, J-2, Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dr. Cline earned his Ph.D. in Political Science from the State University of New York at Buffalo, with his dissertation on Islamically-based insurgent movements.
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Authored by Dr. Lawrence E. Cline.
The author argues that pseudo operations in which specially trained government troops--preferably supported by guerrilla defectors--infiltrate guerrilla groups have been very effective in previous operations. If used with care, such operations can be useful in future counterinsurgency campaigns.