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Dr. William T. Johnsen

Previous SSI Researcher

WILLIAM T. JOHNSEN currently is the Associate Dean for Academic Policy at the U.S. Army War College. Previously he served for 7 years in the Strategic Studies Institute, where he specialized in U.S. and European security issues. He also held the Elihu Root Chair of Military Studies at the U.S. Army War College from 1994-97. A former Infantry officer, Dr. Johnsen served in a variety of troop leading, command, and staff assignments. He also served as an Assistant Professor of History at the U.S. Military Academy, and as an Arms Control Analyst at the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe. Besides his numerous SSI studies, Dr. Johnsen contributed to Beyond East-West Confrontation; Searching for a New Security in Europe and has published journal articles on European and U.S. security affairs. He holds a B.S. degree from the U.S. iv Military Academy, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in History from Duke University. Dr. Johnsen also is a graduate of the Armed Forces Staff College and the U.S. Army War College.

*The above information may not be current. It was current at the time when the individual worked for SSI or was published by SSI.

SSI books and monographs by Dr. William T. Johnsen

  • Re-examining the Roles of Landpower in the 21st Century and Their Implications

    November 26, 2014

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    View the Executive Summary

    Despite over a decade of predominantly land warfare, American policymakers are unsure about the future relevance and utility of land power. An increasingly uncertain and ambiguous international security environment, combined with the complexities of modern warfare argues for greater clarification of what land power means in 21st century terms.

  • European Security: Washington's Shaping Strategy in Action

    March 01, 2000

    Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. Thomas-Durell Young, Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    Notwithstanding the claims of some in the United States, European affairs continue to dominate U.S. foreign policy and strategic thinking. The end of the Cold War has not seen any blurring of the focus of U.S. officials on European affairs. Managing the implications of the break-up of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, the seemingly never-ending conflicts in the Balkans, increasing Western norms and institutions in Central and Eastern Europe, and expanding and reforming the North Atlantic Alliance are just some of the issues that require firm and consistent U.S. leadership.

  • Redefining Land Power for the 21st Century

    May 01, 1998

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    In placing land power in context, we can spark an enlarged debate about land power, the strategic and operational versatility it offers policymakers, and its interrelationships with air and sea power. Additionally, we can examine the growing interdependence among the components of national and military power.

  • Force Planning Considerations for Army XXI

    February 01, 1998

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    Promoting U.S. national interests through shaping the international security environment also will become a major role for the U.S. military. To fulfill its multiple roles, the Army's force structure and design must provide the capabilities necessary to operate across a broad spectrum of conflict in peacetime, crisis, and war.

  • The Future Roles of U.S. Military Power and Their Implications

    April 01, 1997

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    Only after the future roles of the U.S. military have been determined can the Department of Defense turn to the other important issues posed by Congress. Dr. William T. Johnsen concludes that the U.S. military will continue to perform its traditional roles: deterrence, reassurance, compellence, and support to the nation. The method and manner of carrying out those roles, however, will change.

  • U.S. Participation in IFOR: A Marathon, not a Sprint

    June 01, 1996

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    This monograph examines the potential for creating suitable conditions for a lasting political settlement in Bosnia by December 1996, identifies possible outcomes of a U.S. withdrawal from IFOR, and assesses potential consequences for U.S. national objectives and interests within the Balkans, and beyond. The conclusions will not sit well with most in the United States.

  • The Future of American Landpower: Strategic Challenges for the 21st Century Army

    March 01, 1996

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Steven Metz, LTC James Kievit.
    Armies historically have been criticized for preparing for the last war. Since the early 1980s, however, the U.S. Army has broken this pattern and created a force capable of winning the next war. But, in an era characterized by a volatile international security environment, accelerating technological advances (particularly in acquiring, processing, and disseminating information), the emergence of what some are calling a "revolution in military affairs," and forecasts of increasingly constrained fiscal resources, it seems ill-advised to plan only for the "next Army."

  • Deciphering the Balkan Enigma: Using History to Inform Policy

    November 01, 1995

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    After having been fueled by the events of the distant and recent past, the current wars in the former Yugoslavia finally may be grinding to a halt. An understanding of that past, and of how history and myth combine to influence the present and help to define the future in the Balkans, is no less relevant today than it was two years ago when the original version of this monograph was published.

  • U.S. Policy in the Balkans: A Hobson's Choice

    August 01, 1995

    Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
    At this writing, the strategic balance may have shifted in the ongoing war in the former Yugoslavia, and the region could be on the verge of a settlement. But, the "window of opportunity" may be fleeting, and the failures and frustrations of the past four years temper any optimism that conflict in the former Yugoslavia will end quickly or completely.

  • The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations

    August 01, 1995

    Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. William T. Johnsen, LTC James Kievit.
    For nearly two centuries, the principles of war have guided practitioners of the military art. During the last 55 years the principles of war have been a key element of U.S. Army doctrine, and recently they have been incorporated into other Service and Joint doctrines. The turn of the 21st century and the dawn of what some herald as the "Information Age," however, may call into question whether principles originally derived in the 19th century and based on the experience of "Industrial Age" armed forces still hold. Moreover, despite their long existence, the applicability of the principles of war at the strategic level of warfare has not been the subject of detailed analysis or assessment.

  • NATO Strategy in the 1990s: Reaping the Peace Dividend or the Whirlwind?

    May 01, 1995

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    The 1991 the Strategic Concept represents NATO's response to the dramatically changed security environment in Europe, and the intense desire to reap the resultant "peace dividend." The Strategic Concept dramatically expands the scope of the Alliance's security objectives and functions, takes NATO "out of area," and lays the foundation for massive forces cuts, as well as for a fundamental restructuring of Alliance military forces and command structures.

  • Pandora's Box Reopened: Ethnic Conflict in Europe and Its Implications

    December 01, 1994

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
    The resurgence of ethnic animosities in Europe has substantial consequences for the United States, which has a vital interest in maintaining peace and stability in Europe. Because ethnic conflict potentially represents a significant threat to those national objectives, a strong likelihood exists that the United States will continue to be involved in efforts to prevent or resolve ethnically motivated violence.

  • French Policy Toward NATO: Enhanced Selectivity, Vice Rapprochement

    September 01, 1994

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Thomas-Durell Young.
    The authors of this report explain how French policy toward NATO has changed since 1992. Importantly, they discuss how these changes have been effected. However, certain key elements of French external policy have not changed. In effect, therefore, the authors argue that while France may wish to cooperate with NATO, this does not imply that there will be a more cooperative French attitude toward the Alliance.

  • Partnership for Peace: Discerning Fact from Fiction

    August 01, 1994

    Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Thomas-Durell Young.
    The authors analyze and assess Partnership for Peace (PfP) from the perspective of the political realities which govern NATO. They counter the critics of PfP with an analysis of its exact provisions. Moreover, by drawing on the Alliance's historical record regarding expansion, they argue that PfP is the best and most realistic means available to resolve the prickly issue of NATO enlargement.

  • Turkey's Strategic Position at the Crossroads of World Affairs

    December 01, 1993

    Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
    This report analyzes the implications of Turkey's policies and the reactions of Turkey's neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former Soviet republics. The final chapter summarizes their conclusions with respect to the three regions and provides policy options for continuing U.S.-Turkish relations that are so important in the search for peace and stability in these regions.