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Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
American strategy towards Colombia has shifted from a counternarcotics focus to more comprehensive support for that nation's security. This shift recognizes that Colombia's problems are deeply rooted and go beyond illegal narcotics. In the last year the Bush administration committed the United States to help Colombia defend democracy and to defeat the illegal armed groups of the left and right, doing so by promising to help that nation extend effective sovereignty over national territory and provide basic security to the people. The author identifies the strategic challenge of Colombia within the framework of the weak state and ungoverned space, made more complicated by the violence and corruption generated by the international organized criminals sustained by illegal drugs. He argues that the lessons learned in dealing with the security challenges that Colombia faces will have powerful consequences for the adaptation of American strategy to the conflict paradigm of the 21st century.
Teaching Strategy: Challenge and Response
Affairs of State: The Interagency and National Security
War without Borders: The Colombia-Ecuador Crisis of 2008
American Grand Strategy for Latin America in the Age of Resentment
Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives
Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imperatives
Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads
Strategic Implications for the United states and Latin America of the 1995 Ecuador-Peru War