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National Security Strategy Studies

Added October 01, 2014
Type: Monograph
United States-Gulf Cooperation Council Security Coopeeration in a Multipolar World. Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
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Military and security cooperation with Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states is of continuing importance for the United States given the region's pivotal location in the Middle East and proximity to Iran. This monograph examines recent developments in the political and economic dynamics in GCC countries and their neighbors, and the potential implications for this cooperation.
Added September 11, 2014
Type: Monograph
After the Spring: Reforming Arab Armies. Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
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The Arab Spring has returned Arab military forces and their necessity for reform to the forefront. Outside actors, such as the United States, are now asked to rethink their security assistance in broader terms, shifting toward comprehensive security sector reform. As several countries are facing large-scale security implosion, terrorism, politicization of the military and protracted instability, the time for reform was never more imminent than now.
Added August 08, 2014
Type: Book
Strategic Retrenchment and Renewal in the American Experience. Edited by Dr. Peter Feaver.
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Amid fiscal austerity and international crisis, should the United States seek to renew its global leadership, or retrench its geopolitical commitments? This volume brings historical and theoretical insights to bear on that question through a series of essays that examine the current debate as well as past episodes in which American leaders were confronted with similar choices.
Added December 27, 2013
Type: Monograph
Dangerous Ground: The Spratly Islands and U.S. Interests and Approaches. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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The Spratly Islands disputes are the nexus of interests and clashes for U.S. partners and competitors that will draw in the United States as it involves itself more in Asia-Pacific issues. This analysis may help readers to better understand these disputes and how the United States may better address them.
Added December 10, 2013
Type: Monograph
Politics and Economics in Putin's Russia. Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
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Is this the beginning of the end for Putin's system? The authors investigate the structural bases for Russia's domestic challenges, if not crisis.
Added December 03, 2013
Type: Monograph
U.S. Governmental Information Operations and Strategic Communications: A Discredited Tool or User Failure? Implications for Future Conflict. Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham.
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Are U.S. information operations and strategic communications fit for purpose? This issue is debated herein, and the author concludes that, if the United States is to compete with emerging powers such as China and Russia, it needs to significantly modernize and update information operations and strategic communications. But, despite what critics and even Congress may say, these important programs must not be cut.
Added November 20, 2013
Type: Monograph
What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability. Authored by Dr. Dona J. Stewart.
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In 2012, Mali simultaneously faced a military coup, a Tuareg nationalist movement, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb control in the north, and a drought-fueled humanitarian emergency. Military intervention restored security; addressing the underlying factors of the crisis is key to achieving long-term stability.
Added November 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia. Authored by Dr. J. Peter Pham.
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After years as the world’s prime example of a failed state—one that gave rise to catastrophic humanitarian crises, a wave of maritime piracy, and Islamist militancy, including an al-Qaeda-linked insurgency that came close to toppling the internationally-recognized government—Somalia appears to be turning the corner. In this provocative monograph, Dr. Pham argues that there are indeed lessons to be learned from the insurgency and counterinsurgency in Somalia, but they are not the ones usually advanced by diplomats and soldiers.
Added November 12, 2013
Type: Monograph
Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia. Authored by Dr. Sean McFate.
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This monograph explains, step-by-step, how to demobilize militias and raise armies in conflict-affected states by someone who has done so successfully.
Added October 22, 2013
Type: Book
Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future. Selected Presentations from a Symposium at the National Defense University. Edited by Dr. Sheila R. Ronis.
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Issues associated with U.S. grand strategy were discussed on November 8-9, 2011, at the National Defense University symposium, "Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future." This volume includes several presentations from the event.
Added September 24, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Real "Long War": The Illicit Drug Trade and the Role of the Military. Authored by Professor Geoffrey Till.
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With a shift in focus and priority from likely involvement in large-scale counterinsurgency operations, the limited likelihood of continental traditional warfighting operations, together with the onset of an era of budgetary austerity, the U.S. Army may need to give greater attention to its role in responding to the many nontraditional threats to the peace and security of the United States. Of these, the illicit trade in drugs ranks highly because of its massive effects on human, national, and international security.
Added September 23, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
An Assessment of the DoD Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace. Authored by Dr. Thomas M. Chen.
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This monograph critically examines the Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which was published in July 2011. What are the messages conveyed, and is the Strategy adequate to maintain U.S. superiority in the face of existing and future cyber threats?
Added August 27, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Security Concerns of the Baltic States as NATO Allies. Authored by Dr. James S. Corum.
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America’s small NATO allies have unique views concerning international threats. This monograph explores the security environment of the three Baltic States and how the Baltic policymakers see the future of their relationship with NATO and the United States in an uncertain world.
Added August 19, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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The political economy problems of Nigeria, the root cause for ethnic, religious, political and economic strife, can be in part addressed indirectly through focused contributions by the U.S. military, especially if regionally aligned units are more thoroughly employed.
Added August 08, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
AFRICOM at 5 Years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command. Authored by David E. Brown.
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Created in 2007, the new U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) has matured greatly over the last 5 years, overcoming much of the initial resistance from African stakeholders and the U.S. interagency about a “militarization” of U.S. foreign policy in Africa. This Letort Paper describes the geostrategic, operational, and intellectual changes that explain why AFRICOM was created, debunks three negative myths about AFRICOM’s current operations, and raises five issues important to AFRICOM’s future, including the need to carry out a “right-sizing” exercise at AFRICOM during a time of severe budget constraints and a real risk for the United States of “strategic insolvency.”
Added July 30, 2013
Type: Book
Nuclear Weapons Security Crises: What Does History Teach? Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Dr. Bruno Tertrais.
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What do China’s Cultural Revolution, a coup in French Algeria, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the changing nature of the Pakistani government have in common? All represent situations when the respective governments came close to losing control of their nuclear arsenals during political crises. This volume reveals previously unknown details about the four cases and offers additional analysis and lessons learned by leading scholars.
Added June 28, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Libya: Reviewing Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR. Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
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NATO's Libya Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR is considered a military success. As this monograph shows, multiple strategic lessons can be learned from it.
Added June 24, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Joint Strategic Planning System Insights: Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff 1990 to 2012. Authored by Dr. Richard M. Meinhart.
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Examining strategic planning by seven Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff over the past 2 decades provides insights on how these leaders addressed global challenges and made decisions. As such, this Paper provides an historic perspective in identifying key strategic planning legacies, while providing a contemporary focus for describing the current planning system's processes and products with greater fidelity.
Added June 21, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Struggle for Yemen and the Challenge of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
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How does al-Qaeda's regional and international terrorist acts compare with those of the al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), particularly in Yemen? Although Yemen's new reform government defeated AQAP and recaptured areas lost to AQAP in 2012, the terrorists remain an extremely dangerous force seeking to reassert themselves at this time of transition in Yemen.
Added June 14, 2013
Type: Monograph
Nigerian Unity: In the Balance. Authored by Gerald McLoughlin, Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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The existence of Nigeria as a unified state is in jeopardy. To counter this, the United States should better support Nigeria through some practical steps and thereby significantly advance both countries’ interests.
Added June 10, 2013
Type: Monograph
The Future of the Arab Gulf Monarchies in the Age of Uncertainties. Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
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This monograph assesses the challenges facing the Arab Gulf’s rulers, and proposes meaningful political reform as a means of mitigating these challenges.
Added June 04, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Avoiding the Slippery Slope: Conducting Effective Interventions. Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
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Operation ODYSSEY DAWN was the most recent in a long list of foreign interventions by the U.S. military. Difficult as such operations may be, the need for them remains a constant in international security. The author considers how to mount such interventions effectively without getting bogged down in protracted occupations that are costly in blood in and treasure.
Added May 28, 2013
Type: Monograph
Asia-Pacific: A Strategic Assessment. Authored by Dr. David Lai.
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The U.S.-China power transition has become a defining factor in the Asia-Pacific, conditioning the calculation of policy among the Asia-Pacific nations. A rising China brings mixed blessings—opportunities for development, but risks for conflict.
Added May 17, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
The Challenge of Drug Trafficking to Democratic Governance and Human Security in West Africa. Authored by David E. Brown.
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International criminal networks—some with links to terrorism—represent an existential threat to democratic governance of already fragile states in West Africa, and are using drugs to buy political power, fray West Africa’s traditional social fabric, and create a public health crisis. Drug trafficking represents the most serious challenge to human security in the region since resource conflicts rocked several West African countries in the early 1990s; international aid to the subregion’s “war on drugs” is only in an initial stage, and progress will be have to be measured in decades, not years.
Added May 13, 2013
Type: Monograph
War and Insurgency in the Western Sahara. Authored by Staff Researcher.
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Home to the largest functional military barrier in the world, the Western Sahara has a long history of colonial conquest and resistance, guerrilla warfare and counterinsurgency, and evolving strategic thought. This monograph explores the past, present, and future of the region, including its relationship to developments in Morocco, Algeria, and elsewhere in North Africa.
Added April 26, 2013
Type: Monograph
Sharing Power? Prospects for a U.S. Concert-Balance Strategy. Authored by Dr. Patrick Porter.
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Sharing Power examines alternative U.S. grand strategies. It argues that, while retrenchment is prudent, new strategies will also have to cope with dilemmas that can be mitigated but cannot be avoided.
Added February 05, 2013
Type: Book
Strategic Stability: Contending Interpretations. Edited by Elbridge A. Colby, Michael S. Gerson.
This edited volume offers the most current authoritative contemporary survey of the concept of strategic stability, a central plank in U.S. policy on nuclear weapons and great power relations.
Added December 19, 2012
Type: Monograph
Venezuela as an Exporter of 4th Generation Warfare Instability. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
We must adapt our approach to the overwhelming reality that just as the world has evolved from an industrial society to an information-based society, so has warfare. The reality of this evolution demonstrates the need for a new paradigm of conflict based on the fact that information—not firepower—is the currency upon which war is now conducted. The new primary center of gravity is public opinion and political leadership. The “new” instruments of power are intelligence, public diplomacy, media, time, and flexibility. The one thing that remains the same is that one level or another of compulsion still defines war.
Added December 13, 2012
Type: Monograph
A National Security Staff for the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Jack A. LeCuyer.
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This monograph offers a new model for the management of the national security system—at the strategic level—which is the first step in transforming our national security system to meet the challenges and opportunities of the global security environment of the 21st century. This monograph provides a proposed response to Section 1072 of the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act, which requires the President to report to Congress on the organizational changes required to implement the National Security Strategy of May 2010.
Added November 23, 2012
Type: Book
The Energy and Security Nexus: A Strategic Dilemma. Edited by Dr. Carolyn Pumphrey.
It is hard to overstate the importance of energy. Energy literally drives the global economy. Without question, the links between energy and security are significant, but how so? This book explores the connections between energy and security (human, national, and international) and provides considerable discussion on how best to resolve this strategic dilemma.
Added October 29, 2012
Type: Monograph
How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents. Authored by Dr. Alan G. Stolberg.
This monograph compares and contrasts how different countries craft their national security strategy documents. It highlights similarities as well as differences, and provides lessons learned that all national strategy makers can apply.
Added September 19, 2012
Type: Monograph
The Prospects for Security Sector Reform in Tunisia: A Year After the Revolution. Authored by Dr. Querine Hanlon.
The Arab Spring began in Tunisia, and in the year since the revolution, Tunisia has undergone a remarkable transition to democratic rule. The legacy of the previous regime looms large, however, as Tunisia’s new government faces major challenges implementing Security Sector Reform.
Added August 30, 2012
Type: Monograph
The Promise and Pitfalls of Grand Strategy. Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
This monograph offers a critical analysis of the idea of “grand strategy.” It explains why grand strategy is simultaneously so important and so difficult to do, and offers suggestions for how U.S. officials might approach the challenges of grand strategy in the 21st century.
Added August 30, 2012
Type: Other
2012-13 KSIL Update No. 01. Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
This is an update to the 2012-13 Key Strategic Issues List. It includes topics from I Corps, USACE, UNC/CFC/USFK, and U.S. Army South (ARSOUTH).
Added July 03, 2012
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
End Game Strategies: Winning the Peace. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel William L. Peace, Sr.
What lessons can be learned from the occupation of Germany after World War II and from Iraq after Operation IRAQI FREEDOM? This Carlisle Paper analyzes both the similarities and differences between the occupations of both countries and suggests how lessons learned from both can be applied to the future.
Added April 27, 2012
Type: Monograph
Ambassador Stephen Krasner's Orienting Principle for Foreign Policy (and Military Management)—Responsible Sovereignty. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
This monograph takes the logic of the contemporary security dilemma to another level. The intent is to operationalize and elaborate Ambassador Stephen Krasner’s "Responsible Sovereignty" orienting principle for foreign policy and military management.
Added March 29, 2012
Type: Book
Project on National Security Reform - Vol. 2: Case Studies Working Group Report. Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
The case studies in this volume confirm that flawed responses recur in issue areas as diverse as biodefense, public diplomacy, and military intervention as well as across presidential administrations. The piecemeal national security organizational reforms enacted to date have not fostered improved policy outcomes or decisionmaking, while capability building, especially in the civilian national security agencies, remains less than optimal.
Added February 24, 2012
Type: Monograph
Categorical Confusion? The Strategic Implications of Recognizing Challenges Either as Irregular or Traditional. Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
"First, do no harm" is a golden rule for both medicine and strategic theory. Challenges to national security are simply challenges, they are neither irregular nor traditional.
Added December 19, 2011
Type: Book
The United States and China in Power Transition. Authored by Dr. David Lai.
Historically, systematic power transitions were settled in war. Can China and the United States avoid a deadly contest and spare the world another catastrophe? What can we expect from China and the United States with respect to the future of international relations?
Added December 01, 2011
Type: Monograph
The Strategic Logic of the Contemporary Security Dilemma. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
This monograph is part of a continuing effort to inform the contemporary transnational security debate, move it to the strategic level, and support the best interests of the United States Government and peoples, and also those of the Western Hemisphere and the rest of the world.
Added August 31, 2011
Type: Book
National Security Reform 2010: A Midterm Assessment. Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Dr. Robert H. Dorff, Matthew Harber.
This book includes a summary report of three panels, along with selected papers, from an April 22, 2010, colloquium in Washington, DC, on “2010: Preparing for a Mid-Term Assessment of Leadership and National Security Reform in the Obama Administration.”
Added April 08, 2011
Type: Monograph
Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
The concepts of "hard" and "soft" power are subjected to close critical scrutiny. The author finds the latter is significantly misunderstood and therefore inappropriately assessed as a substitute for the former, the threat or the use of military force.
Added February 11, 2011
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
The Role of Religion in National Security Policy Since 9/11. Authored by Chaplain (COL) Jonathan E Shaw.
Is it possible to wage war against radical Muslim terrorists if your national security policy does not consider religion as power which motivates terrorist behavior? Yes, but you risk being ineffective or inefficient, or both.
Added January 31, 2011
Type: Monograph
2010 SSI Annual Strategy Conference Report "Defining War for the 21st Century". Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, COL Phillip R. Cuccia.
SSI's XXI Strategic Conference convened many of the world's top experts to assess and debate the definition of war and the strategic implications of how it is defined.
Added December 21, 2010
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
A Risk-Based Approach to Strategic Balance. Authored by Colonel John A. Mauk.
This paper explores a risk-based approach to a strategically balanced force that assesses alternative postures and the viability of competing force concepts in mitigating national risk in a resource-constrained environment. This assessment also examines alternate definitions of balance and the continued relevance of U.S. conventional capabilities and nuclear deterrence.
Added December 08, 2010
Type: Op-Ed
Strangely Silent: The Missing Strategic Debate in the 2010 Mid-Term Elections. Authored by Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the December 2010 newsletter.
Added September 21, 2010
Type: Colloquium Brief
A New Chapter in Trans-American Engagement. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring, Eva Silkwood Baker.
The critical need to develop a serious hemispheric partnership for opening “A New Chapter in Trans-American Engagement” was stressed at the 2010 Western Hemisphere Security Colloquium, held on May 25-26, 2010, in Miami, Florida. The issues and recommendations discussed emphasized that building a viable regional security partnership in the Hemisphere is not a strictly short-term, or unilateral, or even bilateral defense effort. Regional security will result only from long-term, multilateral, civil-military partnering efforts. Thus, the generalized results of the colloquium emphasize three highly interrelated needs and an associated recommendation.
Added August 31, 2010
Type: Monograph
Dilemmas of Brazilian Grand Strategy. Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
The author discusses the grand strategy Brazil has pursued under President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. He argues that Lula’s policies have raised Brazil’s profile and enhanced its diplomatic flexibility, but have also exposed Brazil to several potent strategic dilemmas that could compromise, or at the very least complicate, its geopolitical ascent.
Added August 27, 2010
Type: Colloquium Brief
Preparing for a Mid-Term Assessment of Leadership and National Security Reform in the Obama Administration. Authored by Jared E. Bennett, Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
The colloquium theme focused on the need for advancing the research and study of key national security issues by engaging the invited participants to share their expertise, and by informing interested community members of ways to develop a deeper awareness and understanding of the security reform issues facing the U.S. Government.
Added August 24, 2010
Type: PKSOI Papers
U.S. Military Forces and Police Assistance in Stability Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap. Authored by Colonel (Ret.) Dennis E Keller.
Stability operations in Iraq and Afghanistan continue to be challenged by the lack of effective local police forces to secure the civilian population from insurgent infiltration and criminal violence. Given U.S. government legal and organizational shortfalls to train and advise foreign police forces, coupled with an operational environment characterized by local police corruption and abusiveness, this monograph proposes a way ahead for effective community based policing despite these adverse circumstances.