Text Browser Navigation Bar: Main Site Navigation and Search | Current Page Navigation | Current Page Content

U.S. Army War College >> Strategic Studies Institute >> Publications >> Military Strategy and Policy

Login to "My SSI" Contact About SSI Cart: 0 items

Strategic Studies Institute

United States Army War College

The Source for National Security

Research & Analysis

Military Strategy and Policy - Recent


Security strategy and policy are among the most important issues any state confronts, especially in a time of war. At SSI, research on these issues focuses on three primary areas: military and strategic theory; grand strategy; and the assessment and critique of critical national strategic documents:

National Security Strategy 2010 (NSS)
National Defense Strategy 2008(NDS)
Quadrennial Defense Review 2010(QDR)
National Strategy on Combating Terrorism 2006.

Dr. Robin Dorff is our Security Strategy and Policy specialist.

New References from the Military Education Research Library Network

Strategy and Policy

(10/16/06) Two new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: an article on revitalizing public diplomacy from the Heritage Foundation, and a monograph from the Strategic Studies Institute containing essays on the U.S. response to the strategic challenges it faces in the 21st century. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/11/06) Three new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: articles from on a preemptive strategy for the 21st century, and on counterinsurgency strategies. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/6/06) Four new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: a report from the Congressional Budget Office on military recruiting, a Congressional hearing on the Defense Department's irregular warfare map, a Congressional Research Service report on information operations and cyberwar, and a Council on Foreign Relations report on foreign investment and national security. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/4/06) Two new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: a RAND report on the importance of air power in counterinsurgencies, and a report from the Stanley Foundation on U.S. strategy in response to failing states. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 16, 2014

    Augmenting Our Influence: Alliance Revitalization and Partner Development

    Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    The role of allies and partners in the future of American Landpower is discussed.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 19, 2014

    Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour

    Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
    View the Executive Summary

    What do we believe we know about the future with sufficient reliability for it to serve as a basis for defense planning? Science and social science are both utterly disarmed by the complete absence of data about the future, from the future.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 12, 2014

    Turkey-Kurdish Regional Government Relations After the U.S. Withdrawal From Iraq: Putting the Kurds on the Map?

    Authored by Bill Park.
    View the Executive Summary

    The withdrawal of U.S. combat forces from Iraq at the end of 2011 left behind a set of unresolved problems in the relationship between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), and the Federal Government in Baghdad, compounded by Erbil’s subsequent pursuit of an energy relationship with Turkey. This has deepened both Turkish-Iraqi and regional sectarian tensions and, along with developments in Syria, has raised the specter of wider Kurdish self-determination, a prospect that Washington has been slow to recognize.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 11, 2014

    Legality in Cyberspace: An Adversary View

    Authored by Keir Giles, Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The United States and its allies are in general agreement on the legal status of conflict in cyberspace. But other key cyber actors have radically different ideas on key concepts of cyber warfare, including when a state of war exists. This paper explores the Russian approach to legal constraints governing actions in cyberspace, in order to assist in formulating an effective response to Russian cyber initiatives.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 30, 2013

    Africa's Booming Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production: National Security Implications for the United States and China

    Authored by David E. Brown.
    View the Executive Summary

    Two key long-term energy trends are shifting the strategic balance between the United States and China, the world’s superpower rivals in the 21st century: first, a domestic boom in U.S. shale oil and gas dramatically boosting America’s energy security; second, the frenetic and successful search for hydrocarbons in Africa making it an increasingly crucial element in China’s energy diversification strategy.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 27, 2013

    Dangerous Ground: The Spratly Islands and U.S. Interests and Approaches

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
    View the Executive Summary

    The Spratly Islands disputes are the nexus of interests and clashes for U.S. partners and competitors that will draw in the United States as it involves itself more in Asia-Pacific issues. This analysis may help readers to better understand these disputes and how the United States may better address them.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 10, 2013

    Politics and Economics in Putin's Russia

    Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
    View the Executive Summary

    Is this the beginning of the end for Putin's system? The authors investigate the structural bases for Russia's domestic challenges, if not crisis.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 03, 2013

    U.S. Governmental Information Operations and Strategic Communications: A Discredited Tool or User Failure? Implications for Future Conflict

    Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham.
    View the Executive Summary

    Are U.S. information operations and strategic communications fit for purpose? This issue is debated herein, and the author concludes that, if the United States is to compete with emerging powers such as China and Russia, it needs to significantly modernize and update information operations and strategic communications. But, despite what critics and even Congress may say, these important programs must not be cut.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 20, 2013

    What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability

    Authored by Dr. Dona J. Stewart.
    View the Executive Summary

    In 2012, Mali simultaneously faced a military coup, a Tuareg nationalist movement, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb control in the north, and a drought-fueled humanitarian emergency. Military intervention restored security; addressing the underlying factors of the crisis is key to achieving long-term stability.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 14, 2013

    State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia

    Authored by Dr. J. Peter Pham.
    View the Executive Summary

    After years as the world’s prime example of a failed state—one that gave rise to catastrophic humanitarian crises, a wave of maritime piracy, and Islamist militancy, including an al-Qaeda-linked insurgency that came close to toppling the internationally-recognized government—Somalia appears to be turning the corner. In this provocative monograph, Dr. Pham argues that there are indeed lessons to be learned from the insurgency and counterinsurgency in Somalia, but they are not the ones usually advanced by diplomats and soldiers.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 12, 2013

    Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia

    Authored by Dr. Sean McFate.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph explains, step-by-step, how to demobilize militias and raise armies in conflict-affected states by someone who has done so successfully.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 22, 2013

    Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future. Selected Presentations from a Symposium at the National Defense University

    Edited by Dr. Sheila R. Ronis.
    View the Executive Summary

    Issues associated with U.S. grand strategy were discussed on November 8-9, 2011, at the National Defense University symposium, "Forging an American Grand Strategy: Securing a Path Through a Complex Future." This volume includes several presentations from the event.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 16, 2013

    Conflict Management and Peacebuilding: Pillars of a New American Grand Strategy

    Edited by Dr. Volker C. Franke, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
    View the Executive Summary

    The authors examine the utility of the U.S. Government’s whole-of-government (WoG) approach for responding to the challenging security demands of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. They specifically discuss the strategic objectives of interagency cooperation particularly in the areas of peacebuilding and conflict management.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 30, 2013

    A Transatlantic Bargain for the 21st Century: The United States, Europe, and the Transatlantic Alliance

    Authored by Dr. Ellen Hallams.
    View the Executive Summary

    In the 21st century, the transatlantic bargain that has framed the relationship between the United States and its NATO allies is under more scrutiny than ever before. The bargain was a Cold War construct suited to its time; what is required now is a transatlantic bargain that generates a new culture of transatlantic partnership between the United States, NATO, and the European Union.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 26, 2013

    The Effectiveness of Drone Strikes in Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism Campaigns

    Authored by Dr. James Igoe Walsh.
    View the Executive Summary

    Drones have become an important part of the U.S. counterinsurgency and counterterrorism arsenal. But the available evidence shows that they are not always effective, and their use can have unpredictable consequences.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 24, 2013

    The Real "Long War": The Illicit Drug Trade and the Role of the Military

    Authored by Professor Geoffrey Till.
    View the Executive Summary

    With a shift in focus and priority from likely involvement in large-scale counterinsurgency operations, the limited likelihood of continental traditional warfighting operations, together with the onset of an era of budgetary austerity, the U.S. Army may need to give greater attention to its role in responding to the many nontraditional threats to the peace and security of the United States. Of these, the illicit trade in drugs ranks highly because of its massive effects on human, national, and international security.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 23, 2013

    An Assessment of the DoD Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace

    Authored by Dr. Thomas M. Chen.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph critically examines the Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which was published in July 2011. What are the messages conveyed, and is the Strategy adequate to maintain U.S. superiority in the face of existing and future cyber threats?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 27, 2013

    The Security Concerns of the Baltic States as NATO Allies

    Authored by Dr. James S. Corum.
    View the Executive Summary

    America’s small NATO allies have unique views concerning international threats. This monograph explores the security environment of the three Baltic States and how the Baltic policymakers see the future of their relationship with NATO and the United States in an uncertain world.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 21, 2013

    2013-14 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
    For several years, the Strategic Studies Institute has annually published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The overall purpose of this document is to make students and other researchers aware of strategic topics that are of special interest to the U.S. Army. Part I of KSIL is entitled "Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis" (APSA) and is a list of high-priority topics submitted by Headquarters, Department of the Army. Part II is entitled "Command Sponsored Topics" and represents the high-priority command-specific topics submitted by MACOMs and ASCCs. This KSIL provides military and civilian researchers worldwide a listing of the Army's most critical national security issues.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 19, 2013

    The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
    View the Executive Summary

    The political economy problems of Nigeria, the root cause for ethnic, religious, political and economic strife, can be in part addressed indirectly through focused contributions by the U.S. military, especially if regionally aligned units are more thoroughly employed.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 16, 2013

    Cartel Car Bombings in Mexico

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Mr. John P. Sullivan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The authors provide an analysis of cartel car bombing incidents in Mexico, with about 20 incidents identified over the last 2 1/2 years. Use patterns are discussed, along with future car bombing potentials in Mexico and the United States.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 13, 2013

    Development of the Baltic Armed Forces in Light of Multinational Deployments

    Authored by Dr. James S. Corum.
    View the Executive Summary

    Small NATO allies have become important players in multinational operations. This monograph helps U.S. policymakers and military leaders understand the problems that small allies face when they participate in U.S.-led operations.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 08, 2013

    AFRICOM at 5 Years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command

    Authored by David E. Brown.
    View the Executive Summary

    Created in 2007, the new U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) has matured greatly over the last 5 years, overcoming much of the initial resistance from African stakeholders and the U.S. interagency about a “militarization” of U.S. foreign policy in Africa. This Letort Paper describes the geostrategic, operational, and intellectual changes that explain why AFRICOM was created, debunks three negative myths about AFRICOM’s current operations, and raises five issues important to AFRICOM’s future, including the need to carry out a “right-sizing” exercise at AFRICOM during a time of severe budget constraints and a real risk for the United States of “strategic insolvency.”

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 30, 2013

    Nuclear Weapons Security Crises: What Does History Teach?

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Dr. Bruno Tertrais.
    View the Executive Summary

    What do China’s Cultural Revolution, a coup in French Algeria, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the changing nature of the Pakistani government have in common? All represent situations when the respective governments came close to losing control of their nuclear arsenals during political crises. This volume reveals previously unknown details about the four cases and offers additional analysis and lessons learned by leading scholars.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 12, 2013

    Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Authored by Keir Giles.
    View the Executive Summary

    Russia is intensifying its engagement with Southern Africa to meet both foreign policy and long-term economic objectives. This presents both potential opportunities and challenges for U.S. policy in the region - especially in those states where a preference for U.S. presence and influence is not axiomatic.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 28, 2013

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Libya: Reviewing Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR

    Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
    View the Executive Summary

    NATO's Libya Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR is considered a military success. As this monograph shows, multiple strategic lessons can be learned from it.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 24, 2013

    Joint Strategic Planning System Insights: Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff 1990 to 2012

    Authored by Dr. Richard M. Meinhart.
    View the Executive Summary

    Examining strategic planning by seven Chairmen Joint Chiefs of Staff over the past 2 decades provides insights on how these leaders addressed global challenges and made decisions. As such, this Paper provides an historic perspective in identifying key strategic planning legacies, while providing a contemporary focus for describing the current planning system's processes and products with greater fidelity.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 21, 2013

    The Struggle for Yemen and the Challenge of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula

    Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
    View the Executive Summary

    How does al-Qaeda's regional and international terrorist acts compare with those of the al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), particularly in Yemen? Although Yemen's new reform government defeated AQAP and recaptured areas lost to AQAP in 2012, the terrorists remain an extremely dangerous force seeking to reassert themselves at this time of transition in Yemen.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 14, 2013

    Nigerian Unity: In the Balance

    Authored by Gerald McLoughlin, Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
    View the Executive Summary

    The existence of Nigeria as a unified state is in jeopardy. To counter this, the United States should better support Nigeria through some practical steps and thereby significantly advance both countries’ interests.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 10, 2013

    The Future of the Arab Gulf Monarchies in the Age of Uncertainties

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph assesses the challenges facing the Arab Gulf’s rulers, and proposes meaningful political reform as a means of mitigating these challenges.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 04, 2013

    Avoiding the Slippery Slope: Conducting Effective Interventions

    Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
    View the Executive Summary

    Operation ODYSSEY DAWN was the most recent in a long list of foreign interventions by the U.S. military. Difficult as such operations may be, the need for them remains a constant in international security. The author considers how to mount such interventions effectively without getting bogged down in protracted occupations that are costly in blood in and treasure.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 31, 2013

    Return of the Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement

    Authored by Mr. Janusz Bugajski.
    View the Executive Summary

    For the first time in modern history, the entire Balkan Peninsula has the opportunity to be included under one security and developmental umbrella combining NATO and the European Union. Unfortunately, this historic vision is being undermined by a plethora of political, social, economic, ethnic, and national disputes and the shortcomings of Western institutions in eliminating potential security challenges.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 28, 2013

    Asia-Pacific: A Strategic Assessment

    Authored by Dr. David Lai.
    View the Executive Summary

    The U.S.-China power transition has become a defining factor in the Asia-Pacific, conditioning the calculation of policy among the Asia-Pacific nations. A rising China brings mixed blessings—opportunities for development, but risks for conflict.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 17, 2013

    The Challenge of Drug Trafficking to Democratic Governance and Human Security in West Africa

    Authored by David E. Brown.
    View the Executive Summary

    International criminal networks—some with links to terrorism—represent an existential threat to democratic governance of already fragile states in West Africa, and are using drugs to buy political power, fray West Africa’s traditional social fabric, and create a public health crisis. Drug trafficking represents the most serious challenge to human security in the region since resource conflicts rocked several West African countries in the early 1990s; international aid to the subregion’s “war on drugs” is only in an initial stage, and progress will be have to be measured in decades, not years.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 13, 2013

    War and Insurgency in the Western Sahara

    Authored by Staff Researcher.
    View the Executive Summary

    Home to the largest functional military barrier in the world, the Western Sahara has a long history of colonial conquest and resistance, guerrilla warfare and counterinsurgency, and evolving strategic thought. This monograph explores the past, present, and future of the region, including its relationship to developments in Morocco, Algeria, and elsewhere in North Africa.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 03, 2013

    Cyber Infrastructure Protection: Vol. II

    Edited by Dr. Tarek N. Saadawi, COL Louis H. Jordan, Jr, Dr. Vincent Boudreau.
    View the Executive Summary

    This book is a follow-on to our earlier book published in 2011 and represents a detailed look at various aspects of cyber security. The chapters herein provide an integrated framework and a comprehensive view of the various forms of cyber infrastructure protection.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 26, 2013

    Sharing Power? Prospects for a U.S. Concert-Balance Strategy

    Authored by Dr. Patrick Porter.
    View the Executive Summary

    Sharing Power examines alternative U.S. grand strategies. It argues that, while retrenchment is prudent, new strategies will also have to cope with dilemmas that can be mitigated but cannot be avoided.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 11, 2013

    Egypt's New Regime and the Future of the U.S.-Egyptian Strategic Relationship

    Authored by Gregory Aftandilian.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph, completed in August 2012, analyzes the developments in Egypt from January 2011 to August 2012 and addresses the following questions that are pertinent to U.S. policymakers: How does the United States maintain good relations and preserve its strategic partnership with Egypt under Cairo’s new political leadership and the changing political environment in the country? How does it do so while adhering to American values such as supporting democracy even when those coming to power do not share U.S. strategic goals?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 04, 2013

    Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling

    Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
    View the Executive Summary

    Cyber is now recognized as an operational domain, but the theory that should explain it strategically is very largely missing. As the military establishment accepted the revolution in military affairs as the big organizing idea of the 1990s, then moved on to transformation in the early-2000s, so the third really big idea of the post-Cold War Era began to secure traction—cyber. However, it is one thing to know how to digitize; it is quite another to understand what digitization means strategically. With respect to cyber power, Dr. Colin Gray poses and seeks to answer the most basic of the strategist’s questions, “So what?”

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 01, 2013

    From Chaos to Cohesion: A Regional Approach to Security, Stability, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Authored by Diane E. Chido.
    View the Executive Summary

    African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are increasingly proving their ability and willingness to unite to halt and prevent conflict and to further regional economic and political objectives. USAFRICOM is uniquely positioned to strengthen REC capacity as a first step in a longer-term Pan-African integration process for enhanced continental stability and security.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 20, 2013

    Governance, Identity, and Counterinsurgency: Evidence from Ramadi and Tal Afar

    Authored by Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons.
    View the Executive Summary

    Western thinking on counterinsurgency seems to be that success in countering insurgencies depends on a perception of legitimacy among local populations. However, it may be more correct to consider the identity of who governs, rather than on how whoever governs governs.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added February 05, 2013

    Strategic Stability: Contending Interpretations

    Edited by Elbridge A. Colby, Michael S. Gerson.
    This edited volume offers the most current authoritative contemporary survey of the concept of strategic stability, a central plank in U.S. policy on nuclear weapons and great power relations.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 31, 2013

    Talking Past Each Other? How Views of U.S. Power Vary between U.S. and International Military Personnel

    Authored by Colonel Richard H. M. Outzen.
    View the Executive Summary

    The gap between the U.S. military’s self-image and its image in the eyes of an international military audience is examined. When considering U.S. power, do response patterns indicate great difference between how U.S. military officers view themselves and how they are viewed by their international peers? If so, is there anything that the United States can do about it, or does a fundamental and pathological anti-Americanism predetermine outcomes?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 27, 2012

    Insanity: Four Decades of U.S. Counterdrug Strategy

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Michael F. Walther.
    The author provides context to the former DOJ Drug Intelligence Chief’s declaration that the U.S. 40-year national drug strategy is a failure. He argues that the expensive and largely-ineffective supply-reduction strategy should be abandoned in favor of a new, science-based, demand-reduction model.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 19, 2012

    Venezuela as an Exporter of 4th Generation Warfare Instability

    Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
    We must adapt our approach to the overwhelming reality that just as the world has evolved from an industrial society to an information-based society, so has warfare. The reality of this evolution demonstrates the need for a new paradigm of conflict based on the fact that information—not firepower—is the currency upon which war is now conducted. The new primary center of gravity is public opinion and political leadership. The “new” instruments of power are intelligence, public diplomacy, media, time, and flexibility. The one thing that remains the same is that one level or another of compulsion still defines war.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 13, 2012

    A National Security Staff for the 21st Century

    Authored by Dr. Jack A. LeCuyer.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph offers a new model for the management of the national security system—at the strategic level—which is the first step in transforming our national security system to meet the challenges and opportunities of the global security environment of the 21st century. This monograph provides a proposed response to Section 1072 of the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act, which requires the President to report to Congress on the organizational changes required to implement the National Security Strategy of May 2010.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 30, 2012

    Learning by Doing: The PLA Trains at Home and Abroad

    Edited by Mr. Roy Kamphausen, Dr. David Lai, Mr. Travis Tanner.
    The papers presented in this latest volume in a series on the PLA are a timely and critical look at an evolving and expanding Chinese military and provide context for the changes we may see as the PLA continues to modernize.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 23, 2012

    The Energy and Security Nexus: A Strategic Dilemma

    Edited by Dr. Carolyn Pumphrey.
    It is hard to overstate the importance of energy. Energy literally drives the global economy. Without question, the links between energy and security are significant, but how so? This book explores the connections between energy and security (human, national, and international) and provides considerable discussion on how best to resolve this strategic dilemma.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 31, 2012

    State-Building Challenges in a Post-Revolution Libya

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    Following the overthrow of Muammar Qadhafi, Libya’s National Transitional Council inherited a difficult and volatile domestic situation. The new leadership faces serious challenges in all areas of statehood. Libya’s immediate future is of critical importance, consequently, it is especially important for Libya's interim government to build the political institutions for a functioning modern democratic state.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 29, 2012

    How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

    Authored by Dr. Alan G. Stolberg.
    This monograph compares and contrasts how different countries craft their national security strategy documents. It highlights similarities as well as differences, and provides lessons learned that all national strategy makers can apply.

..Show Entire Military Strategy and Policy Archive by Year...