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Military Strategy and Policy - Recent


Security strategy and policy are among the most important issues any state confronts, especially in a time of war. At SSI, research on these issues focuses on three primary areas: military and strategic theory; grand strategy; and the assessment and critique of critical national strategic documents:

National Security Strategy 2010 (NSS)
National Defense Strategy 2008(NDS)
Quadrennial Defense Review 2010(QDR)
National Strategy on Combating Terrorism 2006.

Dr. Robin Dorff is our Security Strategy and Policy specialist.

New References from the Military Education Research Library Network

Strategy and Policy

(10/16/06) Two new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: an article on revitalizing public diplomacy from the Heritage Foundation, and a monograph from the Strategic Studies Institute containing essays on the U.S. response to the strategic challenges it faces in the 21st century. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/11/06) Three new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: articles from on a preemptive strategy for the 21st century, and on counterinsurgency strategies. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/6/06) Four new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: a report from the Congressional Budget Office on military recruiting, a Congressional hearing on the Defense Department's irregular warfare map, a Congressional Research Service report on information operations and cyberwar, and a Council on Foreign Relations report on foreign investment and national security. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

Strategy and Policy

(10/4/06) Two new items have been added to the National Security Strategy MiPAL: a RAND report on the importance of air power in counterinsurgencies, and a report from the Stanley Foundation on U.S. strategy in response to failing states. Please see the Recently Added Documents section for the latest on this topic - the newest updates are in bold. (View it at NDU)

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    Added August 11, 2016

    Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition

    Edited by Dr. Phil Williams, Dr. Dighton Fiddner.
    View the Executive Summary

    Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition examines the challenges posed by the unique nature of cyberspace; differences between cyberthreats and more traditional challenges to national security; the range of possible responses to cyberthreats, and the relevance of traditional strategic concepts to potential confrontations in cyberspace. This volume is designed to inform and provoke, as well as to assist civilian and military national security, commerce, public sector, and academic decision-makers in understanding the sheer complexity and dynamism of both cyberspace and its associated insecurities.

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    Added August 10, 2016

    The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

    Authored by Dr. Douglas Stuart.
    View the Executive Summary

    Two years after coming to office, U.S. President Barack Obama designated the Indo-Asia-Pacific (IAP) region as his top strategic priority. This study argues that this was the right decision, and then looks at the challenges that the United States has confronted in its efforts to accomplish this “pivot strategy.”

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    Added July 31, 2016

    2016-17 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
    Update 8/16: The signed version of the 2016-2017 KSIL is now posted

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    Added July 18, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 2

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

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    Added July 14, 2016

    Taking the Fight to the Enemy: Chinese Thinking about Long-Distance and Expeditionary Operations

    Authored by Dr. Larry M. Wortzel.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper examines a genre of military publications inside the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) that advocates the development of the capacity to hold a distant enemy’s population and homeland at risk in a conflict. This Paper also assesses a series of military exercises and changes in force posture that would make the PLA more capable of expeditionary operations.

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    Added June 29, 2016

    NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational Evolution

    Authored by Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    Bolstered by numerous cyber attacks, such as those in Estonia in 2007, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO’s) priorities were formalized in subsequent cyber defense policies adopted in 2008, 2011, and 2014. If indeed the decision is made to pursue military action in the cyberspace realm, what capabilities are available within NATO forces to accomplish such activities?

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    Added June 22, 2016

    India's Evolving Nuclear Force and Implications for U.S. Strategy in the Asia-Pacific

    Authored by Yogesh Joshi, Dr. Frank O'Donnell, Dr. Harsh V. Pant.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper investigates the present status and contours of Indian nuclear force development, nuclear doctrinal views, and nonproliferation policy, before illustrating the effects of these emerging developments for Asian security and U.S. regional interests.

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    Added June 14, 2016

    Honduras: A Pariah State, or Innovative Solutions to Organized Crime Deserving U.S. Support?

    Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
    View the Executive Summary

    In Honduras, one of the nations in Latin America most impacted by transnational organized crime and violent street gangs, the government of President Juan Orlando Hernandez has reduced murders by almost a quarter in 3 years. Hernandez, with U.S. help, has dismantled the leadership of the nation’s two principal narcotrafficking transport groups, the Cachiros and the Los Valles, as well as significantly reducing the use of the country as a transit zone by narco flights and other drug trafficking operations. His initiatives include the controversial creation of a new police force within the military, the Policía Militar del Orden Público (Military Police of Public Order [PMOP]), and a creative new interagency structure, de la Fuerza de Seguridad Interinstitucional Nacional (the National Inter-Agency Security Force [FUSINA]), integrating the military, police, prosecutors, special judges, and other state resources to combat organized crime and delinquency in the country. This monograph by SSI Professor R. Evan Ellis explores the evolution of organized crime and gangs in Honduras and the innovative approaches of the Hernandez administration to combat these threats, which have significantly challenged governance and prosperity in not only Honduras, but also its neighbors.

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    Added June 07, 2016

    Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone, A Report Sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch

    Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Burnett, Colonel William J. Cain, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel Christopher D. Compton, Lieutenant Colonel Sean M. Hankard, Professor Robert S. Hume, Lieutenant Colonel Gary R. Kramlich, II, Colonel J. Matthew Lissner, Lieutenant Colonel Tobin A. Magsig, Colonel Daniel E. Mouton, Mr. Michael S. Muztafago, Colonel James M. Schultze, Professor John F. Troxell, Lieutenant Colonel Dennis G. Wille.
    View the Executive Summary

    This report concludes gray zone competition and conflict will persist as Department of Defense (DoD) pacers for the foreseeable future. It describes trends contributing to the emergence of gray zone challenges, major gray zone archetypes, and their defense implications and finally, specific recommendations for more activist and adaptive DoD responses to persistent gray zone provocation.

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    Added May 23, 2016

    Strategic Landpower and a Resurgent Russia: An Operational Approach to Deterrence, A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. European Command and U.S. Army Europe

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel R. Reed Anderson, Colonel Patrick J. Ellis, Lieutenant Colonel Antonio M. Paz, Lieutenant Colonel Kyle A. Reed, Lieutenant Colonel Lendy Renegar, Lieutenant Colonel John T. Vaughan.
    View the Executive Summary

    Is the U.S. Army prepared to address the challenge that Russia poses to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance in Europe? This monograph critically examines the American military response to Russia's invasion and dismemberment of Ukraine, and it offers an array of practical solutions designed to reinforce efforts to date.

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    Added April 04, 2016

    Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    View the Executive Summary

    The idea of gray zone wars is not new, but why does the West think it is and why has it struggled to deal with it? How can the West adjust its way of thinking about strategy and war to operate better in the gray zone?

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    Added March 31, 2016

    The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads

    Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey, and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

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    Added March 15, 2016

    Old and New Insurgency Forms

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
    View the Executive Summary

    While the study of insurgency extends well over 100 years and has its origins in the guerrilla and small wars of the 19th century and beyond, almost no cross-modal analysis—that is, dedicated insurgency form typology identification—has been conducted. This monograph creates a proposed insurgency typology divided into legacy, contemporary, and emergent and potential insurgency forms, and provides strategic implications for U.S. defense policy as they relate to each of these forms.

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    Added January 29, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 1

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

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    Added January 24, 2016

    Military Engagement and Forward Presence: Down but Not Out as Tools to Shape and Win

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    Forward military presence and, when employed selectively, military engagement – can promote stability and security and can contribute dramatically to operational capacity and capability across a range of military operations, including major interstate war. Unfortunately, significant cuts to overseas permanent presence and continuing pockets of institutional bias against engagement as a force multiplier and readiness enhancer have combined to limit the leverage possible through these two policy tools.

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    Added December 31, 2015

    Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know

    Authored by Dr. Tami Davis Biddle.
    View the Executive Summary

    Explaining why the practice of strategy is such a difficult and demanding art, Dr. Tami Davis Biddle offers a clear-headed critique that will be illuminating for students and practitioners alike. Relying on a broad base of classic and contemporary literature, she reveals why the logic of strategy often rests on weak foundations, and why—even when that logic is sound—the myriad problems of implementation will tend to erode and undermine the link between ends and means.

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    Added December 23, 2015

    Reforming U.S. Export Controls Reforms: Advancing U.S. Army Interests

    Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
    View the Executive Summary

    The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) help prevent potential foreign adversaries from using U.S. arms against the United States and its allies. However, the Regulations, as enforced, can weaken U.S. national security in other important ways.

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    Added December 22, 2015

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How great will the consequences be? What can be done?

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    Added December 18, 2015

    Enabling Others to Win in a Complex World: Maximizing Security Force Assistance Potential in the Regionally Aligned Brigade Combat Team

    Authored by CPT (P) Liam P. Walsh.
    View the Executive Summary

    Despite significant U.S. Army efforts at providing security force assistance (SFA) during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, the performance of the Iraqi Security Forces against the Islamic State in the summer of 2014 raises questions about the conventional Army’s ability to train host nation security forces. Focusing on the brigade combat team (BCT), this monograph examines SFA efforts in Iraq and provides recommendations to maximize SFA capabilities in the regionally aligned BCT.

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    Added December 16, 2015

    Autonomous Weapon Systems: A Brief Survey of Developmental, Operational, Legal, and Ethical Issues

    Authored by Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    What does the Department of Defense hope to gain from the use of autonomous weapon systems (AWS)? This Letort Paper explores a diverse set of complex issues related to the developmental, operational, legal, and ethical aspects of AWS.

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    Added December 15, 2015

    Lethal and Legal? The Ethics of Drone Strikes

    Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
    View the Executive Summary

    With greatly increased lethal use of unmanned aerial vehicles comes greater scrutiny and controversy. This monograph lays out the ethical and legal landscape in which drone killings take place and makes key recommendations both for ensuring legality and a sound moral basis for operations, but also for ensuring those operations are effective.

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    Added December 02, 2015

    Mastering the Gray Zone: Understanding a Changing Era of Conflict

    Authored by Dr. Michael J. Mazarr.
    View the Executive Summary

    This study examines the growing use of “gray zone” campaigns and techniques to achieve national goals. It assesses the character of these challenges, offers a number of hypotheses to help understand their strategic implications, and makes policy recommendations to deal with these increasingly important forms of statecraft.

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    Added November 30, 2015

    The New Arab Regional Order: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy

    Authored by Gregory Aftandilian.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph explores the new Arab regional order that has arisen in the past few years, made up of Saudi-led alliances in opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood in one grouping and in opposition to the Houthis and other Shia elements in another. It shows how this new order presents challenges and opportunities for the United States, and provides recommendations for U.S. policymakers.

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    Added November 25, 2015

    The Hour of Truth: The Conflict in Ukraine–Implications for Europe’s Energy Security and the Lessons for the U.S. Army

    Authored by Dr. Ariel Cohen, Ivan Benovic.
    View the Executive Summary

    Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, a number of gas disputes between Russia and Central and Eastern European countries have unveiled the strategic dependence of Europe on Russian piped gas. The recent Ukrainian crisis demonstrated that Europe has a desperate need to improve the security of its gas supply.

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    Added November 17, 2015

    From Assistance to Partnership: Morocco and its Foreign Policy in West Africa

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph focuses on the geopolitical and economic drivers for the renewed Moroccan interest in West Africa. It also examines how Morocco is conducting its foreign and security policy in a variety of Western African countries. It highlights Morocco’s contribution to counterextremism in West Africa and Sahel regions, through the provision of training to the imams and preachers of African Mosques.

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    Added October 29, 2015

    Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia

    Authored by Roman Muzalevsky.
    View the Executive Summary

    Select elements of India’s strategic culture and geopolitical constraints account for its limited presence in Central Asia compared to great and middle-ranked powers alike. While Delhi could rely on its own resources to advance its position in Central Asia, it is far better off partnering with Washington. Without such partnership, its positioning in Central Asia and the world will be slower, while its efforts to turn its regional aspirations into influence – severely constrained.

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    Added October 26, 2015

    The Real Rebalancing: American Diplomacy and the Tragedy of President Obama’s Foreign Policy

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Obama administration’s concerted efforts to rebalance American foreign policy away from defense and toward diplomacy and development unfortunately have failed. The continuing militarization of U.S. foreign policy means the Defense Department will remain the preferred means of both legislators and the executive branch for dealing with the greatest challenges facing American national security.

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    Added October 22, 2015

    Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East

    Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
    View the Executive Summary

    The threat perceptions of many Arab states aligned with the United States have changed significantly as a result of the dramatic events occurring in the region and globally since 2011. This report analyzes these new Arab threat perceptions and considers how the United States can work with its allies to strengthen both U.S. and allied goals in the region.

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    Added October 16, 2015

    The Rise of iWar: Identity, Information, and the Individualization of Modern Warfare

    Authored by Colonel Glenn J. Voelz.
    View the Executive Summary

    During a decade of global counterterrorism operations and two extended counterinsurgency campaigns, the United States was confronted with a new kind of adversary. Without uniforms, flags, and formations, the task of identifying and targeting these combatants represented an unprecedented operational challenge for which Cold War era doctrinal methods were largely unsuited.

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    Added October 14, 2015

    The Army War College Review Vol. 1 No. 3

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

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    Added September 29, 2015

    The Ethics of Drone Strikes: Does Reducing the Cost of Conflict Encourage War?

    Authored by Dr. James Igoe Walsh, Dr. Marcus Schulzke.
    View the Executive Summary

    The increasingly frequent use of drones raises profound questions about the nature and morality of warfare involving asymmetrical risks between opposing belligerents. Many have raised questions regarding ethical consequences of the military use of drones.

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    Added September 24, 2015

    The Limits of Offshore Balancing

    Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph assesses whether “offshore balancing” represents an appropriate and desirable grand strategy for the United States. It argues that the answer is no—that the purported advantages of offshore balancing are frequently overstated, while the likely disadvantages and dangers are significant indeed.

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    Added September 14, 2015

    Cyber Defense: An International View

    Authored by Keir Giles, Kim Hartmann.
    View the Executive Summary

    Because of the seamlessly international nature of the internet, effective cybersecurity demands close cooperation with allies and friends overseas.

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    Added August 25, 2015

    Using Target Audience Analysis to Aid Strategic Level Decisionmaking

    Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham.
    View the Executive Summary

    The author evaluates how advanced social science research can be applied to latent and emergent threats globally to provide strategic policy options.

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    Added August 11, 2015

    Duffer’s Shoal: A Strategic Dream of the Pacific Command Area of Responsibility

    Authored by Colonel Russell N. Bailey, Colonel (NZ) Christopher J. Parsons, Colonel Elizabeth R. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Derek J. O'Malley, Lieutenant Colonel Bob Dixon, Ms. Laura McAleer.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph is a powerful primer for strategic and operational thinking. The successful defense of Duffer’s Drift required the nuanced application of hard-earned knowledge; ignoring even one tactical lesson guaranteed certain defeat.

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    Added August 07, 2015

    2015-16 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
    The recently published National Military Strategy emphasizes the unpredictability of the global security environment. According to General Dempsey, “global disorder has significantly increased while some of our comparative military advantage has begun to erode. We now face multiple, simultaneous security challenges…” General Odierno echoes this concern by pointing to the “increased velocity of instability,” and emboldened potential adversaries that have “magnified the risk to U.S. interests around the world.” Responding to this period of geopolitical uncertainty demands thoughtful and careful analysis of a wide array of strategic issues. The Strategic Studies Institutes’ (SSI) annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) addresses this need by providing a list of high-priority topics organized to support the Army's most important strategic objectives, issues that must be addressed to ensure the Army of 2025 and beyond will continue to meet the needs of the nation. Part I of the KSIL lists the Chief of Staff of the Army’s top five topics, all five of which will be addressed as integrative research projects by the US Army War College. Part II, “Priority Research Areas,” is a compilation of critical topics developed by the Army War College and Commands and organizations throughout the Army. Part III consists of the Army Warfighting Challenges. Students and researchers are encouraged to get in touch with the topic sponsors listed in the document, tackle one of these issues, and contribute to the knowledge base needed to support the future direction of the Army.

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    Added July 29, 2015

    China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S. "Pivot" to Eurasia

    Authored by Roman Muzalevsky.
    View the Executive Summary

    China’s emergence as a global actor has questioned the position of the United States as the strongest power and the future of the Washington-led global order. To achieve the status of a truly global player wielding influence in all dimensions of power would require China to leverage its regional influence in Central Asia.

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    Added July 29, 2015

    Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan

    Authored by Zhulduz Baizakova, Mr. Roger N. McDermott.
    View the Executive Summary

    This critical study examines the numerous barriers which serve to mitigate the spread of religious extremism and the formation of a local support base for Islamic terrorism in Kazakhstan. These factors, including historical, linguistic, cultural, religious, and social development, are considered in order to understand fully the driving factors in the evolution of Kazakhstan’s counterterrorist policy and the state’s ongoing efforts to restrict the growth of Islamic radicalization.

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    Added July 28, 2015

    The Chinese People's Liberation Army in 2025

    Edited by Mr. Roy Kamphausen, Dr. David Lai.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Chinese People’s Liberation Army of 2025 is the 2014 edition of an ongoing series on the People’s Liberation Army co-published by the Strategic Studies Institute, the National Bureau of Asian Research, and the United States Pacific Command. This volume builds on previous volumes and identifies potential trajectories for PLA force modernization and mission focus, and how these potential changes could impact external actors.

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    Added July 22, 2015

    A Hard Look at Hard Power: Assessing the Defense Capabilities of Key U.S. Allies and Security Partners

    Edited by Gary J. Schmitt.
    View the Executive Summary

    Following the end of the Cold War, less attention has been paid to America’s allies, especially their “hard power” capabilities, despite the United States and its allies going to war more frequently than before. This volume addresses that gap, providing a holistic account of allied hard power and, in turn, the ability—and, indirectly, the willingness—of those same partners to use force independently or in concert with the United States and other allies.

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    Added June 29, 2015

    Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality

    Authored by Keir Giles.
    View the Executive Summary

    Russia continues to oppose strenuously U.S. plans for missile defense in Europe, despite the fact that Russia itself seeks to develop comparable missile defense systems, that, by their own logic, would be equally destabilizing. This monograph reviews Russian plans and progress toward implementing them, to prepare the ground for inevitable future confrontation with Russia over the rollout of U.S. systems.

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    Added June 25, 2015

    The Strategic Lessons Unlearned from Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan: Why the ANSF Will Not Hold, and the Implications for the U.S. Army in Afghanistan

    Authored by Dr. M. Chris Mason.
    View the Executive Summary

    The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost almost before the first American shots were fired, not on the battlefield, but at the strategic level of war. This book explains why, and describes year-by-year, what will happen in Afghanistan from 2015 to 2019.

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    Added June 17, 2015

    The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past

    Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
    View the Executive Summary

    Although overshadowed by China, Russia's re-engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, which includes military deployments, arms sales, and the negotiation of base access agreements, impacts the regional security environment and potentially challenges U.S. national security. This monograph provides one of the first broad, in depth analyses of Russian engagement in the region, including an examination of its political and economic, as well as military activities, with an examination of implications for the U.S. and recommendation for U.S. policymakers.

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    Added June 04, 2015

    The Strategic Importance of the Global Oil Market

    Authored by Dr. Leif Rosenberger.
    View the Executive Summary

    The global oil market in 2015 is not what it used to be. This Letort Paper explains why there are new winners and losers both inside the United States, as well as globally, and how to respond to challenges to the international oil industry.

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    Added June 03, 2015

    Iraq’s Shia Warlords and Their Militias: Political and Security Challenges and Options

    Authored by Dr. Norman Cigar.
    View the Executive Summary

    The rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has seen a resurgence of the Shia militias in Iraq and unprecedented prominence for the warlords who lead them. Given the presence of U.S. Landpower in Iraq as part of the fight against ISIS and the close links of some of the militias with Iran, understanding the militias’ role and capabilities is key for force protection and operational security, as well as for policy concerns.

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    Added May 29, 2015

    Gold, Blood, and Power: Finance and War Through the Ages

    Authored by James Lacey.
    View the Executive Summary

    Wars are won not by the state with the biggest war chest, but by the state with the key to opening it. This survey of the link between finance and war demonstrates the crucial importance an endless stream of money is for strategic success.

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    Added May 28, 2015

    From Cooperation to Competition - The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations

    Authored by COL Gregory K. Anderson, COL Gert-Jan Kooij, LTC Karen L.T. Briggman, LTC Joseph E. Hilbert, Lt Col Christopher T. Lay, Dr. James C. McNaughton. Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
    Russian aggression in 2014 caught U.S. policy and strategy off guard, forcing reactive measures and reevaluation of the U.S. approach toward Russia. Moscow employed nonlinear methodologies and operated just beneath traditional thresholds of conflict to take full advantage of U.S. and NATO policy and process limitations. In light of this strategic problem, the U.S. Army War College (US - AWC), conducted a wargame that revealed four key considerations for future policy and strategy.

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    Added May 12, 2015

    From Frozen Ties to Strategic Engagement: U.S.-Iranian Relationship in 2030

    Authored by Roman Muzalevsky.
    View the Executive Summary

    The possibility of P5+1 and Iran reaching a nuclear deal and benefits of a U.S.-Iranian strategic détente prompt an assessment of a U.S.-Iranian strategic relationship over the next 15 years. This work identifies three possible types of such relationship, providing recommendations for the United States, Iran, and their partners to cultivate and prepare for a strategic shift that such a revised relationship entails.

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    Added May 04, 2015

    The Gulf Moment: Arab Relations Since 2011

    Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Arab Spring has changed the region not only at the domestic level, it has set in motion a profound transition from how these regional states once related to each other to that of a new intra-regional dynamic. In diplomatic terms, it has entered a Gulf Moment, where regional decisions are now taken by the Gulf states themselves.

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    Added April 30, 2015

    Stand Up and Fight! The Creation of U.S. Security Organizations, 1942-2005

    Edited by Colonel Ty Seidule, Dr. Jacqueline E. Whitt.
    View the Executive Summary

    Stand Up and Fight is a collection of essays that explores how new National Security Organizations are stood up—that is, formed, organized, funded, and managed—in the first years of their existence. From Joint ventures to combatant commands to cabinet-level departments, each organization’s history reveals important themes and lessons for leaders to consider in forming a new organization.

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