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New References from the Military Education Research Library Network

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 19, 2014

    Creating an Effective Regional Alignment Strategy for the U.S. Army

    Authored by Major Raven Bukowski, Major John Childress, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, Lieutenant Colonel David S. Lyle.
    View the Executive Summary

    Despite talk about regional alignment, the Army has taken few concrete steps to prepare for this dramatic change. While enormous in its implications, the Army’s current regional alignment plan seems to be little more than directing units to “focus regionally” and aligning them with the appropriate combatant command.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 18, 2014

    The Role of Leadership in Transitional States: The Cases of Lebanon, Israel-Palestine

    Authored by Dr. Anastasia Filippidou.
    View the Executive Summary

    Asymmetric leadership of radical organizations: necessary for the transition to stability, but also part of the problem.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 03, 2014

    The Future of American Landpower: Does Forward Presence Still Matter? The Case of the Army in the Pacific

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    The U.S. Army's forward presence in the Pacific theater is long overdue for reconsideration and reconceptualization. Without unduly harming America's commitment to deterrence on the Korean peninsula, the Army forward presence could be reshaped and reconfigured to enable the United States to more effectively and more efficiently achieve its objectives across the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 13, 2014

    Soldiers of Misfortune?

    Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
    View the Executive Summary

    What roles have security contractors played in missions in Iraq and Afghanistan?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 20, 2013

    What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability

    Authored by Dr. Dona J. Stewart.
    View the Executive Summary

    In 2012, Mali simultaneously faced a military coup, a Tuareg nationalist movement, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb control in the north, and a drought-fueled humanitarian emergency. Military intervention restored security; addressing the underlying factors of the crisis is key to achieving long-term stability.

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    Added November 14, 2013

    State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia

    Authored by Dr. J. Peter Pham.
    View the Executive Summary

    After years as the world’s prime example of a failed state—one that gave rise to catastrophic humanitarian crises, a wave of maritime piracy, and Islamist militancy, including an al-Qaeda-linked insurgency that came close to toppling the internationally-recognized government—Somalia appears to be turning the corner. In this provocative monograph, Dr. Pham argues that there are indeed lessons to be learned from the insurgency and counterinsurgency in Somalia, but they are not the ones usually advanced by diplomats and soldiers.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 12, 2013

    Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia

    Authored by Dr. Sean McFate.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph explains, step-by-step, how to demobilize militias and raise armies in conflict-affected states by someone who has done so successfully.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 18, 2013

    NATO Missile Defense and the European Phased Adaptive Approach: The Implications of Burden-Sharing and the Underappreciated Role of the U.S. Army

    Authored by Mr. Steven J. Whitmore, Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    NATO's ballistic missile defense initiative remains a work in progress, but a lack of interceptor and sensor contributions on the part of the European allies is likely to have significant implications for the U.S. Army. In particular, the U.S. Army is likely to face increased manpower demands, materiel requirements, and training needs in order to meet the demand signal created by the NATO ballistic missile defense program.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 16, 2013

    Conflict Management and Peacebuilding: Pillars of a New American Grand Strategy

    Edited by Dr. Volker C. Franke, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
    View the Executive Summary

    The authors examine the utility of the U.S. Government’s whole-of-government (WoG) approach for responding to the challenging security demands of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. They specifically discuss the strategic objectives of interagency cooperation particularly in the areas of peacebuilding and conflict management.

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    Added September 24, 2013

    The Real "Long War": The Illicit Drug Trade and the Role of the Military

    Authored by Professor Geoffrey Till.
    View the Executive Summary

    With a shift in focus and priority from likely involvement in large-scale counterinsurgency operations, the limited likelihood of continental traditional warfighting operations, together with the onset of an era of budgetary austerity, the U.S. Army may need to give greater attention to its role in responding to the many nontraditional threats to the peace and security of the United States. Of these, the illicit trade in drugs ranks highly because of its massive effects on human, national, and international security.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 21, 2013

    2013-14 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
    For several years, the Strategic Studies Institute has annually published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The overall purpose of this document is to make students and other researchers aware of strategic topics that are of special interest to the U.S. Army. Part I of KSIL is entitled "Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis" (APSA) and is a list of high-priority topics submitted by Headquarters, Department of the Army. Part II is entitled "Command Sponsored Topics" and represents the high-priority command-specific topics submitted by MACOMs and ASCCs. This KSIL provides military and civilian researchers worldwide a listing of the Army's most critical national security issues.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 14, 2013

    Nigerian Unity: In the Balance

    Authored by Gerald McLoughlin, Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
    View the Executive Summary

    The existence of Nigeria as a unified state is in jeopardy. To counter this, the United States should better support Nigeria through some practical steps and thereby significantly advance both countries’ interests.

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    Added June 04, 2013

    Avoiding the Slippery Slope: Conducting Effective Interventions

    Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
    View the Executive Summary

    Operation ODYSSEY DAWN was the most recent in a long list of foreign interventions by the U.S. military. Difficult as such operations may be, the need for them remains a constant in international security. The author considers how to mount such interventions effectively without getting bogged down in protracted occupations that are costly in blood in and treasure.

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    Added April 01, 2013

    From Chaos to Cohesion: A Regional Approach to Security, Stability, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Authored by Diane E. Chido.
    View the Executive Summary

    African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are increasingly proving their ability and willingness to unite to halt and prevent conflict and to further regional economic and political objectives. USAFRICOM is uniquely positioned to strengthen REC capacity as a first step in a longer-term Pan-African integration process for enhanced continental stability and security.

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    Added March 20, 2013

    Governance, Identity, and Counterinsurgency: Evidence from Ramadi and Tal Afar

    Authored by Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons.
    View the Executive Summary

    Western thinking on counterinsurgency seems to be that success in countering insurgencies depends on a perception of legitimacy among local populations. However, it may be more correct to consider the identity of who governs, rather than on how whoever governs governs.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 31, 2012

    State-Building Challenges in a Post-Revolution Libya

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    Following the overthrow of Muammar Qadhafi, Libya’s National Transitional Council inherited a difficult and volatile domestic situation. The new leadership faces serious challenges in all areas of statehood. Libya’s immediate future is of critical importance, consequently, it is especially important for Libya's interim government to build the political institutions for a functioning modern democratic state.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 09, 2012

    The Future of American Landpower: Does Forward Presence Still Matter? The Case of the Army in Europe

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    The January 2012 announcement that the United States would reduce the number of Brigade Combat Teams in Europe captured media, popular, and scholarly attention, prompting many to ask: Is the United States turning its back on Europe as it pivots to Asia? Do the Europeans have the wherewithal to defend themselves? Are forward-based U.S. land forces necessary at all? Given the necessity of capable, interoperable coalition partners for the future security threats Washington most expects to encounter, the role of America’s forward military presence in Europe remains as vital as it was at the dawn of the Cold War, but for different reasons. Dr. Deni’s monograph forms a critical datapoint in the ongoing dialogue regarding the future of American Landpower.

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    Added September 25, 2012

    Lead Me, Follow Me, Or Get Out of My Way: Rethinking and Refining the Civil-Military Relationship

    Authored by Dr. Mark R. Shulman.
    Troubled relations between the armed forces and civil society sap the vitality of the republic and undermine the effectiveness of the military. This timely monograph launches a discussion about what kind of civil-military relationship we have and how to improve it.

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    Added August 01, 2012

    2012-13 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The purpose of the Key Strategic Issues List is to provide military and civilian researchers a ready reference for issues of special interest to the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense.

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    Added July 03, 2012

    End Game Strategies: Winning the Peace

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel William L. Peace, Sr.
    What lessons can be learned from the occupation of Germany after World War II and from Iraq after Operation IRAQI FREEDOM? This Carlisle Paper analyzes both the similarities and differences between the occupations of both countries and suggests how lessons learned from both can be applied to the future.

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    Added May 10, 2012

    Disjointed Ways, Disunified Means: Learning from America's Struggle to Build an Afghan Nation

    Authored by Colonel Lewis G. Irwin.
    Remarkably ambitious in its audacity and scope, NATO’s irregular warfare and nation-building mission in Afghanistan has struggled to meet its nonmilitary objectives by most tangible measures. This book explores shortfalls in the U.S. Government’s strategic planning processes and the mechanisms for interagency coordination of effort that have contributed to this situation, as well as reforms needed to meet emerging 21st century national security challenges.

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    Added May 01, 2012

    Lessons of the Iraqi De-Ba'athification Program for Iraq's Future and the Arab Revolutions

    Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
    This monograph considers both the future of Iraq and the differences and similarities between events in Iraq and the Arab Spring states. Serious and expanding mistakes by new governments are possible in the aftermath of the Arab Spring revolutions, and any lessons that can be gleaned from earlier conflicts will be of considerable value to those nations. Moreover, U.S. Army officers and senior noncommissioned officers (NCOs) may often have unique opportunities and unique credibility to offer advice on the lessons of Iraq to their counterparts in some of the Arab Spring nations.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 25, 2012

    Enabling Unity of Effort in Homeland Response Operations

    Authored by Lieutenant General (Ret.) H Steven Blum, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret.) Kerry McIntyre.
    The authors assert that attaining unity of effort is the fundamental prerequisite for effective homeland response operations. They conclude that the best way to improve unity of effort is to create a dynamic system for producing, validating, and updating a unifying national homeland response doctrine.

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    Added April 17, 2012

    Conflict Management and "Whole of Government": Useful Tools for U.S. National Security Strategy?

    Edited by Dr. Volker C. Franke, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
    Intended to facilitate dialogue between academic experts, military leaders, policymakers, and civilian practitioners, this edited volume provides a state of the art analysis of current whole of government (WoG) approaches and their effectiveness for coordinating stabilization and peacebuilding efforts. It explores the question: Can “smart power”—using the right tool for each operational context—successfully shift the burden of stability operations to civilian actors and enable the timely scaling-down of military deployments?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 22, 2011

    Puncturing the Counterinsurgency Myth: Britain and Irregular Warfare in the Past, Present, and Future

    Authored by Dr. Andrew Mumford.
    Far from being the counterinsurgency exemplars that history has benevolently cast them, this monograph posits 10 myths of British counterinsurgency that debunk key elements of British performance in irregular warfare from Malaya to Iraq.

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    Added July 15, 2011

    The Changing Face of Afghanistan, 2001-08

    Authored by Colonel Deborah Hanagan.
    This paper reviews the broad dimensions of the George W. Bush administration policy and strategy regarding Afghanistan and the fact that it was multilateral, encompassing extensive political, economic, and military efforts, and multinational during the entire period of the administration. It provides broad documentation of the concrete progress made in the country between 2001 and 2008 and addresses the ongoing challenges.

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    Added June 08, 2011

    Defining Command, Leadership, and Management Success Factors within Stability Operations

    Authored by Major Dave Fielder.
    Stabilization operations have been present across the globe for centuries in many forms. But how have the command, leadership, and management of these operations manifested themselves, and what are the success attributes within this field of study?

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    Added May 19, 2011

    Rebuilding Armed Forces: Learning from Iraq and Lebanon

    Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
    Learning from the armed forces of Iraq and Lebanon might not seem the first instinct when it comes to improving post-conflict reconstruction efforts. Yet, the two cases offer useful insight into these processes, what to avoid and what to emphasize.

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    Added May 06, 2011

    The Military's Role in Counterterrorism: Examples and Implications for Liberal Democracies

    Authored by Dr. Geraint Hughes.
    The Military’s Role in Counterterrorism examines the roles which armed forces have been required to perform by democratic governments involved in combating terrorism, and the problems which can occur as a consequence. It also describes the conditions necessary for successful military engagements against terrorist groups.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 25, 2011

    Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq, 2003-09: A Case of Operational Surprise and Institutional Response

    Authored by Brigadier Andrew Smith.
    Institutional defense establishments guide the development of national military capabilities. Recent experience suggests that the orthodox approaches that they have evolved to perform this function in nominal peacetime are insufficiently responsive for contemporary threats and challenges.

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    Added March 25, 2011

    Security and Governance: Foundations for International Stability

    Authored by Dru Lauzon, Andrew Vine.
    This conference was designed to outline strategies for coping with the threat posed to international stability by fragile, failing, or failed states. Presentations outlined various strategies for identifying and ameliorating the security challenges that result from state failure in contemporary international environments.

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    Added March 21, 2011

    An Evaluation of Counterinsurgency as a Strategy for Fighting the Long War

    Authored by LTC Baucum Fulk.
    Counterterrorism, support to insurgency, and antiterrorism are each both efficient and sustainable from a military and economic perspective, and each have inherent political concerns, hazards, or constraints. The author maintains that an overall strategy combining counterterrorism and antiterrorism is the best means of employing military forces to counter violent extremism.

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    Added March 01, 2011

    Civilian Skills for African Military Officers to Resolve the Infrastructure, Economic Development, and Stability Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Authored by Diane E. Chido.
    Military retirees in many African countries face uncertain futures. The author suggests that USAFRICOM should include robust engineering programs as a part of its training approach for the region, thereby providing valuable opportunities for retiring service members, improving civil-military relationships, and enhancing economic development and stability.

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    Added January 31, 2011

    2010 SSI Annual Strategy Conference Report "Defining War for the 21st Century"

    Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, COL Phillip R. Cuccia.
    SSI's XXI Strategic Conference convened many of the world's top experts to assess and debate the definition of war and the strategic implications of how it is defined.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 15, 2010

    Lessons Learned from U.S. Government Law Enforcement in International Operations

    Authored by Ms. Dilshika Jayamaha, Scott Brady, Ben Fitzgerald, Jason Fritz.
    The authors investigate how the full range of law enforcement capabilities available to the U.S. Government has been applied in pursuit of U.S. strategic objectives in Panama, Colombia, and Kosovo. This analysis identifies a number of lessons to be learned about the use of such capabilities (in a holistic sense) in current and future international operations.

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    Added October 04, 2010

    Harnessing Post-Conflict "Transitions": A Conceptual Primer

    Authored by Mr. Nicholas J. Armstrong, Ms. Jacqueline Chura-Beaver.
    A widely accepted and understood definition of "transition" is necessary to enable U.S. military, interagency, and multinational planners to foster greater collaboration and unity of effort as operations move toward a “clear, hold, build, transition” strategy.

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    Added August 27, 2010

    David Galula: His Life and Intellectual Context

    Authored by Ms. Ann Marlowe.
    David Galula’s ideas are reflected in U.S. Army Field Manual 3-24, Counterinsurgency, and in nearly every speech that American commanders in Afghanistan and Iraq give, but until now, almost no biographical information was available about him. Arguably the greatest writer on counterinsurgency, Galula led a fascinating, although all too brief, life that gave him a bird’s eye view of most of the great conflicts of the second half of the 20th century.

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    Added August 24, 2010

    U.S. Military Forces and Police Assistance in Stability Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap

    Authored by Colonel (Ret.) Dennis E Keller.
    Stability operations in Iraq and Afghanistan continue to be challenged by the lack of effective local police forces to secure the civilian population from insurgent infiltration and criminal violence. Given U.S. government legal and organizational shortfalls to train and advise foreign police forces, coupled with an operational environment characterized by local police corruption and abusiveness, this monograph proposes a way ahead for effective community based policing despite these adverse circumstances.

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    Added August 13, 2010

    Defense Energy Resilience: Lessons from Ecology

    Authored by Dr. Scott Thomas, Mr. David Kerner.
    National Security relies heavily on the ready availability of energy resources in the types, quantities, and locations the military demands. While U.S. energy needs are currently met, the shrinking gap between global supply and demand draws the world closer to a tipping point at which human behavior is less predictable, competition overwhelms social and geopolitical normalizing forces, and conflict becomes more likely and more pronounced. Given concerns about future resource availability, DoD would be well served by devising and implementing a sustainable, resilient energy strategy that addresses current projections and adapts to evolving conditions.

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    Added August 05, 2010

    Organizing to Compete in the Political Terrain

    Authored by Dr. Nadia Schadlow.
    The degree to which military forces can and should shape the political landscape during war--that is, who rules contested territory--is at the root of several ongoing debates about how to restructure the U.S. Army. Decisions about the military's appropriate role in shaping political outcomes in war are fundamental to resolving these debates and will determine the degree of organizational and educational changes that the U.S. Army must make to meet current and future security threats.

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    Added June 17, 2010

    Endgame for the West in Afghanistan? Explaining the Decline in Support for the War in Afghanistan in the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Australia, France and Germany

    Authored by Charles A. Miller.
    Analyses of the War in Afghanistan frequently mention the declining or shaky domestic support for the conflict in the United States and among several U.S. allies. This paper dates the beginning of this decline back to the resurgence of the Taliban in 2005-06 and suggests that the deteriorating course of the war on the ground in Afghanistan itself along with mounting casualties is the key reason behind this drop in domestic support for the war.

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    Added June 01, 2010

    Rethinking Leadership and "Whole of Government" National Security Reform: Problems, Progress, and Prospects

    Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Dr. Jeffrey A. Engel.
    On June 24, 2009, in Washington, DC, the Bush School of Government and Public Service and Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs at Texas A&M University, and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College conducted a conference on Leadership and Government Reform. Two panels discussed "Leader Development in Schools of Public Affairs" and "Leadership, National Security and 'Whole of Government' Reforms." The authors in this volume are from universities and policy institutes focused on international affairs, history, foreign policy, intelligence, and national and homeland security.

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    Added May 11, 2010

    Crime, Violence, and the Crisis in Guatemala: A Case Study in the Erosion of the State

    Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
    In this monograph, the author argues that rampant crime and violence have led to a full-blown crisis of the democratic state in Guatemala. He discusses the various criminal groups active in that country, and outlines a strategy for improving public order, strengthening government institutions, and combating the root causes that inform criminal activity.

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    Added April 23, 2010

    Shades of CORDS in the Kush: The False Hope of "Unity of Effort" in American Counterinsurgency

    Authored by Mr. Henry Nuzum.
    Counterinsurgency (COIN) requires an integrated military, political, and economic program best developed by teams that field both civilians and soldiers. This Paper describes the benefits that unity of command at every level would bring to the American war in Afghanistan.

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    Added April 19, 2010

    Short of General War: Perspectives on the Use of Military Power in the 21st Century

    Edited by Dr. Harry R Yarger.
    In this anthology, students in the U.S. Army War College Class of 2008 critically examine the emerging 21st century security environment and offer diverse and innovative thoughts on how military power should be applied in situations short of general war.

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    Added April 16, 2010

    The Construction of Liberal Democracy: The Role of Civil-Military Institutions in State and Nation-Building in West Germany and South Africa

    Authored by Dr. Jack J. Porter.
    West Germany’s and South Africa’s experiences remind U.S. policymakers of the tremendous obstacles and challenges that confront states as they attempt to install liberal, democratic political institutions.

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    Added April 14, 2010

    The State-Owned Enterprise as a Vehicle for Stability

    Authored by Dr. Neil Efird.
    State-owned enterprises affect stability in conflict-prone environments, and decisive control of them creates positive or negative conditions. However, it is a challenge to know how and when to use these enterprises, and a good set of metrics is necessary to measure their effectiveness.

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    Added April 08, 2010

    Thinking about Nuclear Power in Post-Saddam Iraq

    Authored by Dr. Norman Cigar.
    Iraqis are debating the desirability of atomic power for their country. U.S. and international policymakers will have to consider Iraqi views as they shape policy to manage the process of an orderly, safe, and peaceful nuclear reintegration of Iraq in the civilian sector while guaranteeing safeguards against both accidents and any future diversion of a nuclear program for military purposes or terrorist exploitation.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 01, 2010

    The Goose and the Gander

    Authored by Dr. Cori E. Dauber.
    Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the April 2010 newsletter.

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    Added March 26, 2010

    Synchronizing U.S. Government Efforts toward Collaborative Health Care Policymaking in Iraq

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas S. Bundt.
    A primary catalyst in achieving our strategic ends in Iraq is through the formulation of a consolidated and cooperative strategic health care policy to enable the successful operation of the Iraqi health care system. An often-cited criticism of U.S. policy, however, is that after the end of major hostilities and transition into stabilization operations, we fall short in post-conflict planning and execution. This analysis highlights some of these operational deficiencies, and it provides recommendations for achieving a more coordinated, functional, and thereby synchronous strategic health care policy. These proposals will enable the U.S. Government (USG) to address health policy operations in stabilization and transitional phase contexts currently and in the future.

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