Michèle Flournoy | Graeme Lamb | Conrad Crane | Henry Gole
Raymond Millen | Samuel Brannen | Stephen Blank | Robert Bunker
Mark Gunzinger | Thomas Hammes | Bryan McGrath | Francis Hoffman
Sam Tangredi | Lesley Warner | Wallace Gregson | James Cartwright
Paula Thornhill | Robert Kaplan | Terry Wolff
From 2009 to 2012, she served as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the principal adviser to the Secretary of Defense in the formulation of national security and defense policy, oversight of military plans and operations, and in National Security Council deliberations. She led the development of DoD's FY2013 Strategic Guidance and represented the Department in dozens of foreign engagements, in the media and before Congress.
After the 2008 election, Ms. Flournoy co-led President Obama's transition team at DoD.
In January 2007, Ms. Flournoy co-founded the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), a non-partisan think tank dedicated to developing strong, pragmatic and principled national security policies, and served as CNAS' President.
Previously, she was senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and, prior to that, a distinguished research professor at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University (NDU).
In the mid-1990s, she served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Threat Reduction and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy in the Clinton administration.
She received the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service in 1998, 2011, and 2012, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's Joint Distinguished Civilian Service Award in 2000 and 2012, and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 1996.
She is a frequent commentator in the media, has edited several books and written dozens of reports and articles on a broad range of defense and national security issues
She now serves on the Board of Directors of both CNAS and the Atlantic Council. She is also a Senior Fellow at Harvard's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and a member of the Defense Policy Board, the DCIA's External Advisory Board, the Aspen Strategy Group, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Women in International Security.
She earned her B.A. from Harvard University and her Masters in International Relations from Balliol College, Oxford University, where she was a Newton-Tatum Scholar.
Lieutenant General (Retd) Sir Graeme Lamb, KBE, CMG, DSO
He was commissioned into the British Army in 1973. For the following 38 years he deployed in various theatres of war during which he commanded on operations at ever rank. Commissioned into the Queen's Own Highlanders he has served in numerous staff and operational appointments including Commanding the 5th Airborne Brigade, the 3rd Division, various doctrine and training posts and as Assistant Commandant at the staff of the Joint Services Command and Staff College.
He stepped down as Commander of the Field Army in July 2009 and returned to Afghanistan at the direct request of General David Petraeus and General Stanley McChrystal, of the US Army to scope a programme designed to repeat the success in Iraq whereby insurgents are persuaded to give up their arms. In Iraq he was instrumental in convincing his U.S. colleagues to adopt the principle of a process requiring "patience, subtlety, and a willingness to accept that Iraqis' own proclivities were going to drive much of the war's outcome" and the need to talk to the insurgents leading to a "strategic engagement initiative' that reduced violence.
He completed UKSF selection in 1977 and an extended Troop Commanders tour of duty, returning as a Squadron Commander for the Falklands Campaign. On completion of his Staff College Course he return as the Operations Officer and again as a Lieutenant Colonel Special Forces in direct support of Lieutenant General Sir Peter De La Billiere for the 1st Gulf War. He was selected as Director Special Forces in March 2001 and oversaw Global operations specifically the Balkans, Afghanistan and Iraq.
He was recognized with a Mention in Dispatches, an OCVS, MBE, OBE, CMG, DSO and KBE. He also holds the US Legion of Merit.
He, much like Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones is still on tour.
Dr. Conrad C. Crane
Dr. Crane is currently Chief of Historical Services for the Army Heritage and Education Center at Carlisle Barracks. For the previous ten years, he was Director of the US Army Military History Institute. Before accepting that position, Dr. Crane served with the Strategic Studies Institute at the US Army War College from September 2000 to January 2003, where he held the General Douglas MacArthur Chair of Research. He also has held the General Hoyt S. Vandenberg Chair of Aerospace Studies at the War College. He joined SSI after his retirement from active military service, a 26-year military career that concluded with 9 years as Professor of History at the U.S. Military Academy. He holds a B.S. from USMA and an M.A. and Ph.D from Stanford University. He is also a graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College and the U.S. Army War College. He has authored or edited books and monographs on the Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korea and Vietnam, and has written and lectured widely on airpower and landpower issues. Before leaving SSI he coauthored a prewar study on Reconstructing Iraq that influenced Army planners and has attracted much attention from the media. He was the lead author for the new Army-USMC counterinsurgency manual which was released in December, 2006. For that effort he was named one of NEWSWEEK's people to watch in 2007. In November 2008, he was named the international Archivist of the Year by the Scone Foundation.
Henry G. Gole
Henry G. Gole retired from active duty in 1988. He was an enlisted infantryman in the Korean War, a Special Forces officer in Vietnam, a military attachÃ© in Germany and a staff officer in the Pentagon.Â His masters degrees are from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Stanford University and Hofstra University, and his doctorate is from Temple University. He has taught at the United States Military Academy, the Army War College, and on a part-time basis at the University of Maryland, Dickinson College, and Franklin and Marshall College. He gave a course of his design at the Army War College called Men In Battle for a over twenty years. He has written articles, reviews and four books.
The Naval Institute Press published his book, The Road to Rainbow: Army Planning for Global War. 1934-1940, 2003.
Potomac Books, Inc. published his book, Soldiering: Observations from Korea, Vietnam and Safe Places, 2005.
His General William E. DePuy, Preparing the Army for Modern War was published by The University Press of Kentucky, 2008.
The University Press of Kentucky published his Exposing the Third Reich, Colonel Truman Smith in Hitler's Germany, 2013.
As of January 2014, a publisher is considering his Vietnam novel whose working title is Legacy of Lies: Over the Fence in Laos.
Lieutenant Colonel Raymond A. Millen (retired)
Lieutenant Colonel Raymond A. Millen (retired) is currently the Security Sector Reform analyst at the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, Carlisle, PA. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy in 1982, he was commissioned as an infantry officer, and later served as a Foreign Area Officer for Western Europe. He held a variety of command and staff assignments in Germany and Continental United States: 8th Infantry Division (Mechanized), 7th Infantry Division (Lt), the U.S. Army Infantry School Liaison Officer to the German Infantry School at Hammelburg, Germany; Battalion Executive Officer, 3-502d Infantry, Fort Campbell, Kentucky; and Chief of Intelligence Section and Balkans Team Chief, Survey Section, SHAPE, Belgium. At the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, he served as the Director of European Security Studies, producing studies on NATO, Afghanistan, and counterinsurgency. Professor Millen served three tours in Afghanistan first, from July through November 2003 on the staff of the Office of Military Cooperation-Afghanistan, focusing on the Afghan National Army and the General staff; second with Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan from August 2006 to August 2007 establishing police coordination centers in northern Afghanistan; and third from September 2008 to September 2009 as an MPRI Senior Mentor for the Afghan Assistant Ministry of Defense for Strategy and Plans. Professor Millen has published articles in a number of scholarly and professional journals to include Parameters, Joint Special Warfare Journal, Small Wars Journal, Comparative Strategy Journal, Infantry Magazine, and the Swiss Military Journal. The second edition of his book, Command Legacy, was published by Potomac Books in December 2008. In December 2010, he published an historical novel on Afghanistan, Burden of Command. Professor Millen is a graduate of the U.S. Army's Command and General Staff College, and holds an M.A. degree in National Security Studies from Georgetown University, as well as an M.A. degree in World Politics and a Ph.D. (ABD) in Political Science from Catholic University of America.
Dr. Samuel J. Brannen
Sam Brannen is a senior fellow in the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where his research focuses on U.S. defense and national security strategy and policy, unmanned systems technology, and U.S.-Turkey relations. Prior to rejoining CSIS in May 2013, Brannen served at the Pentagon as special assistant to the principal deputy under secretary of defense for policy. In that position, he advised and supported the second-ranking U.S. defense policy official on a range of defense and national security matters. From July 2010 to September 2012, Brannen was country director for Turkey, Cyprus, and Malta in the Office of Secretary of Defense. He advised senior Pentagon officials on adapting the U.S.-Turkey defense relationship to changing internal and regional dynamics. Prior to that, he was special assistant to the deputy under secretary of defense for strategy, plans, and forces and assisted in the process and drafting of the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review
Before rejoining government at the start of the Obama administration, Brannen held various positions at CSIS from 2002 to 2009, including as a fellow and deputy director of the International Security Program and as assistant director of the Global Strategy Institute. From 2006 to 2007, he served as a loaned employee to the U.S. government, working as a strategist in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, where he concentrated on maritime security and U.S.-European cooperation. He also served as a staff member for the Independent Commission on the Security Forces of Iraq, chaired by General (Ret.) James L. Jones. Brannen holds a B.A. in political science from Trinity University (San Antonio, TX) and an M.A. in international affairs from the George Washington University. He has been awarded the Office of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service four times and has received the Department of State Superior Service Award and Secretary of Defense Award for Excellence.
Dr. Stephen Blank
STEPHEN BLANK is a Senior Fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council in Washington, www.afpc.org. From 1989-2013 he was a Professor of Russian National Security Studies at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College in Pennsylvania. Dr. Blank has been Professor of National Security Affairs at the Strategic Studies Institute since 1989. In 1998-2001 he was Douglas MacArthur Professor of Research at the War College.
He has published over 900 articles and monographs on Soviet/Russian, U.S., Asian, and European military and foreign policies, testified frequently before Congress on Russia, China, and Central Asia, consulted for the CIA, major think tanks and foundations, chaired major international conferences in the USA and abroad In Florence, Prague, and London, and has been a commentator on foreign affairs in the media in the United States and abroad. He has also advised major corporations on investing in Russia and is a consultant for the Gerson Lehrmann Group
He has published or edited 15 books focusing on Russian foreign, energy, and military policies and on International Security in Eurasia. His most recent book is Russo-Chinese Energy Relations: Politics in Command, London: Global Markets Briefing, 2006. He has also published Natural Allies?: Regional Security in Asia and Prospects for Indo-American Strategic Cooperation, Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, 2005. He is alsoÂ currently writing a book “Light From the East: Russia's Quest for Great PowerÂ Stauts in Asia” to be published in 2014 by Ashgate Publishers
Dr. Blank is also the author of a study of the Soviet Commissariat of Nationalities, The Sorcerer as Apprentice: Stalin's Commissariat of Nationalities, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994 and the co-editor of The Soviet Military and the Future, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1992.
Prior to this appointment Dr. Blank was Associate Professor for Soviet Studies at the Center for Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education of Air University at Maxwell AFB. He also held the position of 1980-86: Assistant Professor of Russian History, University of Texas, San Antonio, 1980-86, and Visiting Assistant Professor of Russian history,
University of California, Riverside, 1979-80.
Dr. Robert J. Bunker
Dr. Robert J. Bunker is a Distinguished Visiting Professor and Minerva Chair at the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College. He is also Adjunct Faculty, Department of Politics and Economics, Claremont Graduate University. Dr. Bunker holds university degrees in political science, government, social science, anthropology-geography, behavioral science, and history and has counterterrorism and counternarcotics training. Past professional activities include Futurist in Residence, FBI Academy; Counter-OPFOR Program, NLECTC-WEST; LA Terrorism Early Warning Group; and LA HIDTA. He has taught many national security and political science courses and has delivered over 200 presentations and training sessions. He has well over 200 publications including many recent collections on the Mexican cartels, gangs, and organized crime. His Minerva research focus is on Dark Globalization and New Insurgency Forms.
Mr. Gunzinger has served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Forces Transformation and Resources. He is the principal author or co-author of multiple Defense Planning Guidance directives, key strategic planning documents that shape DoD force planning. A retired Air Force Colonel and Command Pilot, he joined the Office of the Secretary of Defense in 2004. He was appointed to the Senior Executive Service and served as Principal Director of the Department's central staff for the 2005–2006 QDR. Following the 2006 QDR, he was appointed Director for Defense Transformation, Force Planning and Resources on the National Security Council staff.
Mr. Gunzinger holds a Master of Science degree in National Security Strategy from the National War College, a Master of Airpower Art and Science degree from the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, a Master of Public Administration from Central Michigan University, and a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from the United States Air Force Academy (Class of 1977).
He is the recipient of the Department of Defense Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service, the Defense Superior Service Medal, and the Legion of Merit Medal.
Recent Publications include:
- Congress Handcuffs Pentagon Cost-Cutters http://www.csbaonline.org/2014/01/26/congress-handcuffs-pentagon-cost-cutters/
- Telling Hard Truths: Budget Cuts Are Coming; Protect Crown Jewels, http://www.csbaonline.org/2013/06/24/telling-hard-truths-budget-cuts-are-coming-protect-crown-jewels/
- Shaping America's Future Military: Toward a New Force Planning Construct http://www.csbaonline.org/publications/2013/06/shaping-americas-future-military-toward-a-new-force-planning-construct/
Thomas X. Hammes, Ph.D., USMC (Ret)
In his thirty years in the Marine Corps, T. X. Hammes served at all levels in the operating forces to include command of an intelligence battalion, an infantry battalion and the Chemical Biological Incident Response Force. He participated in stabilization operations in Somalia and Iraq as well as training insurgents in various places.
Hammes has a Masters in Historical Research and a Doctorate in Modern History from Oxford University. He is currently a Distinguished Research Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University and an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University.
He is the author of "The Sling and the Stone: On War in the Twenty-First Century" and "Forgotten Warriors: The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, the Corps Ethos, and the Korean War," chapters in 14 books and over 100 articles and opinion pieces in Washington Post, New York Times, Janes Defence Weekly, and professional journals. He has lectured widely at U.S. and International Staff and War Colleges.
Bryan McGrath, USN (Ret)
Bryan McGrath is the Managing Director of The FerryBridge Group LLC (FBG), a niche consultancy specializing in naval and national security issues, including national and military strategy, strategic planning, executive communications, strategic communications and emerging technologies.
A retired Naval Officer, Bryan spent 21 years on active duty including a tour in command of USS BULKELEY (DDG 84), a guided-missile destroyer homeported in Norfolk, Virginia. In command, he received the "Admiral Elmo Zumwalt Award for Inspirational Leadership" from the Surface Navy Association and his ship earned the USS ARIZONA Memorial Trophy signifying its selection as the Fleet's most combat-ready warship. His final duties ashore included serving as Team Lead and Primary Author of the US Navy's 2007 Maritime Strategy "A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower".
Mr. McGrath is a well-published commentator in the fields of national and maritime strategy, with policy papers published at major think tanks, and articles placed in nationally marketed periodicals. He is a frequent panelist at symposia that deal with naval issues and is frequently quoted by major press organizations.
Bryan earned a BA in History from the University of Virginia in 1987, and an MA in Political Science (Congressional Studies) from The Catholic University of America. He is a graduate of the Naval War College.
In addition to his consulting work, Bryan is an Adjunct Fellow at the Hudson Institute and is the Assistant Director of the Hudson Center for American Seapower.
Recent Publications include:
- "Five Myths About AirSea Battle" http://warontherocks.com/2013/07/five-myths-about-airsea-battle/
- "We Cannot Keep This Up and Still Be a Global Fleet" http://warontherocks.com/2013/08/we-cannot-keep-this-up-and-still-be-a-global-fleet/
- "American Strategy and Offshore Balancing by Default". With Ryan Evans. http://warontherocks.com/2013/08/the-balance-is-not-in-our-favor-american-strategy-and-offshore-balancing-by-default/
Mr. Hoffman came to INSS in June 2011, and was initially Director of NDU Press. Prior to that, he was appointed to the Senior Executive Service and was Deputy Director, Office of Program Appraisal in the Department of the Navy (Aug. 2009- June 2011).
Mr. Hoffman was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1978. From 1978-1983, after graduating both the Basic School and Infantry Officer Course, he served in a variety of line and staff positions in the Second and Third Marine Divisions. He was a Company Commander and Head Tactics Instructor at the School of Infantry at Camp Lejeune in 1980-1982. From 1983 to 1986, he was assigned to Headquarters Marine Corps and served as a Resource Analyst. He transferred to civilian service, continuing at HQMC until 1991 as a defense analyst. From 1991-1998, he served at the Marine Corps Combat Development Command at Quantico VA as a national security analyst. He represented the Marine Corps on the Defense Science Board and the Commission on Roles and Missions in 1995. Mr. Hoffman was then the Special Assistant to the Commanding General for national security affairs and the Director of the Marine Strategic Studies Group for two years. In 1999 Frank was appointed by the Secretary of Defense to the staff of the U.S. National Security Commission for the 21st Century.
He served as a Research Fellow at the Center for Emerging Threats and Opportunities at the Marine Warfighting Lab from 2001 to 2008. He was responsible for conducting assessments on future threats. He worked with Joint Forces Command, Allied Command Transformation, and British, Australian and Israeli partners on alternative futures and wargames and experimentation activities. While at Quantico, Mr. Hoffman conducted studies on future threats, developed Service and Joint concepts, and was a member of Strategic Vision Group which wrote the Marine Corps' Vision and Strategy 2025. He was also a chapter author for the Army/Marine Corps counterinsurgency doctrine.
He served on the 2004 Defense Science Board for Post-Conflict Stability Operations and lectured extensively at PME institutions in Japan, Taiwan, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Israel and the United Kingdom. He has authored a book (Decisive Force; The New American Way of War, 1996), ten book chapters, and 100 essays and articles in foreign policy and academic journals.
Mr. Hoffman graduated from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania (BS, Econ., 1978) and holds graduate degrees from George Mason University (MEd, 1992) and the Naval War College, (M.A., Security Studies, 1994). He is a candidate for a doctorate at Kings College London.Areas of expertise: Grand/Military Strategy, Defense budgets, Military History/Theory, & Civ-Mil Relations.
Sam Tangredi, Ph.D., USN (Ret)
Sam Tangredi Sam J. Tangredi is a defense strategist whose studies of future warfare prompted Defense Department officials to label him "the Navy's futurist." His thirty-year naval career included command at sea, service in key strategic planning positions in the Pentagon, earning a PhD in international relations, and research fellowships at two think tanks. His over one hundred publications have won numerous awards, including the U.S. Naval Institute's Arleigh Burke Prize and the U.S. Navy League's Alfred Thayer Mahan Award. He is the author or editor of four books, his primary focus being the future security environment. His latest is Anti-Access Warfare: Countering A2/AD Strategies, the first book-length examination of anti-access strategies, published by Naval Institute Press in October 2013. He is currently the director of San Diego operations for the planning/consulting firm Strategic Insight.
Lesley A. Warner
Lesley Anne Warner is an Africa analyst at CNA's Center for Strategic Studies, where she has directed studies on security cooperation and crisis response operations in Africa; observed and assessed multinational naval exercises Obangame Express and Cutlass Express; and supported wargames on post-Qadhafi Libya and post-referendum Sudan/South Sudan. She has recently returned from a FY13 IPA assignment at the Center for Complex Operations at National Defense University, where she directed an analysis of the Trans Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership. Prior to joining CNA, Ms. Warner worked at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies as a Writer/Editor, supporting seminars designed to strengthen the U.S. relationship with the future political and military leaders of African countries. She previously worked at the RAND Corporation, where she participated in projects on counterinsurgency, security sector reform, weak/ failed states and nation-building. Ms. Warner holds a M.A. in Security Studies from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and a B.A. in International Relations from Carleton College. She is currently a PhD candidate in War Studies at Kings College London, where her dissertation focuses on the challenges inherent in South Sudan's efforts to integrate non-statutory armed forces into the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) while simultaneously demobilizing 90,000 soldiers and rightsizing the military. Ms. Warner is the recipient of the David L. Boren National Security Education Program Scholarship and the Mellon- Mays Undergraduate Fellowship. She has published in PRISM, RUSI Journal, World Politics Review, The Atlantic, Christian Science Monitor, Naval War College Review, African Arguments and the Journal of International Peace Operations and has been quoted in the New York Times, Global Post, Stars & Stripes, Think Africa Press, The American Interest, Think Progress, and World Politics Review's Trend Lines.
Lieutenant General Wallace "Chip" Gregson
Lieutenant General Wallace "Chip" Gregson (USMC, Ret.) most recently served as the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Asian and Pacific Security Affairs. Previously, he served as Chief Operating Officer for the United States Olympic Committee, then as an independent consultant before entering Government in 2009.
From 2003 to 2005, he was Commanding General of Marine Corps Forces Pacific and Marine Corps Forces Central Command, where he led and managed over 70,000 Marines and Sailors in the Middle East, Afghanistan, East Africa, Asia and the United States. From 2001 to 2003 he served as Commanding General of all Marine Corps forces in Japan, where he was awarded the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, the Gold and Silver Star, and the Korean Order of National Security Merit, Gukseon Medal. Prior to his time in Japan he was Director of Asia-Pacific Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense from 1998 to 2000.
Lt. Gen. Gregson is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations; the Pacific Council on International Policy; the International Institute for Strategic Studies; the U.S. Naval Institute; and the Marine Corps Association. He is Chair, Banyan Analytics, an ANSER Institute; Director, China and the Pacific, Center for the National Interest; and Senior Advisor, Avascent International. His civilian education includes a Bachelor's degree from the U.S. Naval Academy, and Master's degrees in Strategic Planning from the Naval War College.
Unique among Marines, General Cartwright served as Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, before being nominated and appointed as the 8th Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nation's second highest military officer. General Cartwright served his four year tenure as Vice Chairman across two Presidential administrations and constant military operations against diverse and evolving enemies. He became widely recognized for his technical acumen, vision of future national security concepts, and keen ability to integrate systems, organizations and people in ways that encouraged creativity and sparked innovation in the areas of strategic deterrence, nuclear proliferation, missile defense, cyber security, and adaptive acquisition processes.
Born in Rockford, IL, he attended the University of Iowa and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Marines in 1971. He was both a Naval Flight Officer and Naval Aviator who flew the F-4 Phantom, OA-4 Skyhawk, and F/A-18 Hornet. In 1983 he was named Outstanding Carrier Aviator of the Year by the Association of Naval Aviation. General Cartwright graduated with distinction from the Air Command and Staff College, received a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College, completed a fellowship with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was honored with a Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award.
General Cartwright currently serves as the inaugural holder of the Harold Brown Chair in Defense Policy Studies for the Center for Strategic & International Studies. In addition, General Cartwright serves as a member of The Raytheon Company Board of Directors, a Harvard Belfer Center Senior Fellow, and a defense consultant for ABC News.
General Cartwright is also an advisor for several corporate entities involved in global management consulting; technology services and program solutions; predictive and Big Data Analytics; and advanced systems engineering, integration, and decision-support services. He serves as an advisor to the Boards of Directors for Accenture Federal Services, Enlightenment Capital, IxReveal, Logos Technologies, Opera Solutions, and TASC. General Cartwright is also affiliated with a number of professional organizations to include the Aspen Strategy Group, The Atlantic Council, Global Zero, and the Nuclear Threat Initiative.
Dr. Thornhill retired from the US Air Force as a brigadier general in 2009. Her last assignment was as the Commandant of the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (2006-09). Just prior to her time as Commandant, she served as the Principal Director for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. In addition, she has taught at the Air Force Academy and been assigned to the Air Staff, the Joint Staff, U.S. Strategic Command, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense. She commanded the 50th Support Group Commander at Schriever AFB, Colorado. She served as the Dean of Faculty and Academic Programs at the National War College, and she was special assistant to the 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Richard B. Myers, USAF. She has a B.S. from the U.S. Air Force Academy, an M.A. in history from Stanford University, and a D.Phil. in history from Oxford University.
Dr. Thornhill is member of the USAF Academy Board of Visitors, and she is also an adjunct professorial lecturer in strategic studies at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.
Robert D. Kaplan
Robert D. Kaplan is the author of Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific, which will be published by Random House in March 2014. In 2012, he published The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate, and in 2010, Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power. In both 2011 and 2012, he was chosen by Foreign Policy magazine as one of the world's "Top 100 Global Thinkers."
He is Chief Geopolitical Analyst for Stratfor, a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security in Washington, D.C., and has been a foreign correspondent for The Atlantic for over 25 years. In 2009, he was appointed to the Pentagon's Defense Policy Board, which advised former U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates on key issues. Mr. Kaplan served on the board through 2011. From 2006 to 2008, he was the Class of 1960 Distinguished Visiting Professor in National Security at the U.S. Naval Academy.
Mr. Kaplan is the best-selling author of 15 books on international affairs and travel, which have been translated into many languages. In the 1980s, Mr. Kaplan was the first American writer to warn in print about a future war in the Balkans. Balkan Ghosts was chosen by The New York Times Book Review as one of the best books of 1993. The New York Times also chose The Arabists, The Ends of the Earth, An Empire Wilderness, Eastward to Tartary and Warrior Politics as notable books of the year. The Washington Post and The Los Angeles Times chose An Empire Wilderness as one of the best books of 1998. The Wall Street Journal named The Arabists as one of the best five books written about America's historical involvement in the Middle East.
New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman says Mr. Kaplan is among the four most widely read authors defining the post-Cold War (along with Johns Hopkins Professor Francis Fukuyama, Yale Professor Paul Kennedy and late Harvard Professor Samuel P. Huntington). Mr. Kaplan's article in the February 1994 Atlantic Monthly, "The Coming Anarchy," was on how population rises, urbanization and resource depletion are undermining governments and was hotly debated in foreign language translations around the world. His December 1997 Atlantic Monthly cover story, "Was Democracy Just A Moment?" was also debated. That piece argued that the democracy now spreading around the world would not necessarily lead to more stability. According to U.S. News & World Report, "President Clinton was so impressed with Mr. Kaplan, he ordered an interagency study of these issues, and it agreed with Kaplan's conclusions."
Mr. Kaplan's essays have appeared not only in The Atlantic Monthly, but also on the editorial pages of The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal and The Los Angeles Times, as well as in major foreign affairs journals, including Foreign Affairs. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Army's Special Forces Regiment, the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Marines. He has lectured at military war colleges, the FBI, the NSA, the Pentagon's Joint Staff, the DIA, the CIA, major universities and global business forums. Mr. Kaplan has delivered the Secretary of State's Open Forum Lecture at the U.S. State Department. He has reported from over 100 countries. Two of his earlier books -- Soldiers of God: With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan and Surrender or Starve: Travels in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea -- have been reissued, so all of his books are in print.
Mr. Kaplan was born June 23, 1952, in New York City. He graduated in 1973 from the University of Connecticut, where he was the featured editor of the Connecticut Daily Campus. In 1973 and 1974 he traveled throughout Communist Eastern Europe and parts of the Near East. From 1974 to 1975 he was a reporter for the Rutland Daily Herald in Vermont. In 1975, he left the United States to travel throughout the Arab and Mediterranean regions, beginning a 16-year period of living overseas. He served one year in the Israel Defense Forces and lived for nine years in Greece and Portugal. He has been married to Maria Cabral since 1983. They live in the Berkshires in western Massachusetts. They have one son, Michael, who is married and works for an investment bank in Boston.
Lieutenant General (Ret) Terry A. Wolff
Commissioned a second lieutenant from the United States Military Academy in 1979, Lieutenant Wolff attended Ranger School and the Armor Officer Basic Course. His initial tour was spent at Fort Hood serving in the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry as a Platoon Leader and Troop Executive Officer, then as the 1st Cavalry Division Assistant Secretary of the General Staff. In 1983, following the Armor Officer Advance Course, Captain Wolff spent three years with the 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry, 1st Armored Division in Schwabach, Germany, serving as the S3 Air and the C Troop Commander.
Upon returning from Europe in 1986, Captain Wolff spent three years at Armor Branch as an Assignment Officer. In 1991, following two years at Fort Leavenworth, Major Wolff returned to Germany as the 3rd Infantry Division G3 Plans Officer. In 1992, he moved to Vilseck, serving as the battalion S3 of 1st Battalion, 37th Armor and the brigade S3 of 3rd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. In the summer of 1995, Lieutenant Colonel Wolff moved to Fort Carson, Colorado, becoming the Deputy Regimental Commander of the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment. From June 1996 to June 1998, he commanded the Regimentâ€™s Third Squadron.
The summer of 1999 saw Lieutenant Colonel Wolff graduating from the Naval War College and returning to Germany where he served as the G3 of the 1st Armored Division.
Colonel Wolff commanded the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment for three years, taking them to Iraq in March 2003. This assignment was followed by two years on the Joint Staff, first as the Eastern Europe and Eurasia Division Chief and later as a Special Assistant to the Assistant to the Chairman.
In 2005, Colonel Wolff became the Deputy Commanding General of the 7th Infantry Division and Fort Carson. Brigadier General Wolff deployed to Iraq in 2006, serving as the Commanding General of the Coalition Military Assistance Training Team.
After nearly two years on the National Security Council as a Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Iraq and Afghanistan, Major General Wolff returned to Germany and the First Armored Division. He commanded 1AD from May 2009 to May 2011, a period which including a deployment to Iraq and the command of the United States Division Center. Following the divisionâ€™s redeployment, Major General Wolff also served as the Deputy Commanding General of United States Army Europe for five months, departing Europe in July.
Lieutenant General Wolff served as the Joint Staff, Director of Strategic Plans and Policy, J-5 from September 2011 until December 2013. He retired February the 1st after completing over 34 years of service.
He and his wife, Ms. Martha Winkler, are splitting their time between Bellingham, Washington and Washington, D.C. They have two perfectly lovely daughters, Erin and Maria and a wonderful son-in-law, Don.
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- Each year, approximately two hundred participants engage in collegial debate concerning some of the most pressing and perplexing national security issues of the day. Panels are comprised of three to five distinguished experts who frame the discussion and facilitate a spirited Q&A session. The event is open to the public and all are invited to attend.
- Conference Fees
- While all attendees must register, the conference is free to attend. Optional catered social events require a paid reservation. For additional information, please see the conference registration page.